Planet Creative Commons

This page aggregates blogs from Creative Commons, CC jurisdiction projects, and the CC community. Opinions are those of individual bloggers.

2014 開放資料工作坊 (Open Data Workshop 2014)

CC Taiwan, October 24, 2014 02:20 AM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

「開放資料 (Open Data)」已經是個熱門話題、眾所周知的關鍵詞,但是資料的釋出與使用涉及許多議題,而其中有許多議題是急待討論與釐清。承襲去年首次舉辦的「開放資料工作坊 (Open Data Workshop)」,自由軟體鑄造場、台灣創用 CC 計畫與關心開放資料的台灣社群朋友們,將在11月初共同舉辦「2014 開放資料工作坊 (Open Data Workshop 2014)」。今年的工作坊選定「政府與公民的協作」為主軸,並區分「政府開放資料政策與社群協同合作」、「開放研究資料」以及「防災資料開放、資料標準與合作」三個主題,來進一步探討政府部門、研究機構以及民間團體三方在資料開放與應用的過程中,如何透過協同合作來創造出開放資料真正的價值。歡迎有興趣的朋友報名參加!

Work In Progress: Contemporary Art Daily Data Analysis

Rob Myers, October 23, 2014 10:33 PM   License: Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International


Word clouds (don’t worry, there are heat maps as well ;-) ) of words from shows by city.

LRMI stewardship transferred to Dublin Core Metadata Initiative

Creative Commons, October 23, 2014 06:05 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported



Re-post from:

Effective October 23, 2014, leadership and governance of the Learning Resource Metadata Initiative (LRMI), an education metadata project developed to improve discoverability and delivery of learning resources, have transferred from the Association of Educational Publishers and Creative Commons to the Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI).

This long-planned transfer represents a logical next step for the LRMI since the project has reached the end of its initial scope of work.  DCMI will take the leadership role in advancing the project into its next phase with AEP and CC engaged as active LRMI community members.

“Creative Commons and AEP are happy to add this governance transfer to the long list of successes we’ve achieved together on the LRMI project,” said Cable Green, Director of Global Learning at Creative Commons. “After a long and careful evaluation process, the LRMI leadership identified a candidate in DCMI that is well-established and highly respected in the metadata sector and will carry on the LRMI’s spirit of transparency and community involvement.”

“AEP has enjoyed the opportunity to work alongside our partners Creative Commons the past three years to get the LRMI effort off the ground, build a community of practice, and finally, to establish a plan for long-term sustainability for the project,” said Dave Gladney, Project Manager of the AEP LRMI project, which has been housed at the Association of American Publishers since the merger of AEP and AAP in July 2013. “With this transfer, we’re confident that we’re leaving the LRMI with the ideal steward for long-term success.”

“DCMI is pleased to assume stewardship of LRMI at this key, long-planned transition in its development,” said Eric Childress, DCMI Governing Board Chair. “Meeting the metadata needs of the education and training community has been a goal of DCMI since the founding of its Education Community in 1999. DCMI has played encouraging, advisory roles in development of the LRMI specification from the inception of Phase I technical development in 2011 under the leadership of AEP and Creative Commons. DCMI is now poised to provide LRMI with both a permanent home that assures the long-term sustainability of the specification and an open, collaborative context for future community-driven development.”

More information about the transfer and the project follows.


The LRMI began in 2011 shortly after the announcement of, a search engine-backed standard for tagging content on the web.   AEP and Creative Commons, with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, set out to extend the general hierarchy with a lightweight set of metadata properties that could describe the instructional intent of a web page, resource or piece of content.  The resulting LRMI specification version 1.1 was accepted as an official extension of in April 2013.  Additionally, AEP and Creative Commons have worked closely together throughout the past three years to meet dozens of important project milestones.

The third and final Gates-funded phase of the project focused on long-term sustainability and success.  Among other Phase III projects, the LRMI leadership team has worked over the past six months to identify the ideal next-phase steward for the LRMI specification.  This process included surveying the LRMI community, identifying potential candidates, measuring each candidate against a list of agreed-upon requirements and vetting candidates through a series of interviews.

Why DCMI was chosen

DCMI was chosen based on its status as a well-known, well-respected name in the metadata space; its open governance structure, which closely aligns with the open spirit of the LRMI; and its ongoing connection to the LRMI through the involvement of DCMI’s Managing Director and Education Community chair, Stuart Sutton, on the LRMI Technical Working Group.

DCMI’s next-stage priorities

DCMI stewardship of the LRMI specification will include:

  1. Moving the canonical representation of the specification from to with appropriate cross referencing between the two websites.
  2. Creating a permanent LRMI Task Group within the context and working processes of the DC Education Community to supplant the original LRMI Technical Working Group for:
    • Ongoing maintenance of the LRMI 1.1 specification
    • Assessment of open community input as the means for defining future development of the specification
    • Management of transparent editorial and decision-making processes in executing further developments
  3. Supporting open community communications through a Jiscmail list for the new LRMI Task Group (public “read”) and through the existing DC-Education Jiscmail list (public “join/read/write”).   Public conversations on the existing, open LRMI Google Group will be continued until the coordination of two public lists is deemed by DCMI to be no longer tenable. During this time, current members of the Google Group will be encouraged to join the Jiscmail lists.
  4. Initiating immediate engagement with to coordinate changes in its cross-referencing for LRMI and the potential development of additional developer/web master documentation at of those aspects of LRMI 1.1 it has adopted in support of learning resource markup.

For more information:


About Creative Commons

Creative Commons ( is a globally-focused nonprofit organization dedicated to making it easier for people to share and build upon the work of others, consistent with the rules of copyright. Creative Commons provides free licenses and other legal tools to give everyone from individual creators to large companies and institutions a simple, standardized way to grant copyright permissions and get credit for their creative work while allowing others to copy, distribute, and make specific uses of it.

About the Association of Educational Publishers

The Association of Educational Publishers (AEP) is the 501(c)(3) arm of the Association of American Publishers. At the inception of the LRMI in 2011, AEP was an independent organization serving the educational resource community with programs, events, advocacy, and thought leadership. In July of 2013, AEP merged with the AAP School Division to form the PreK-12 Learning Group. Most of AEP’s programs were transferred over to the newly-formed Learning Group pursuant to the merger, but LRMI projects and administration of grant funding continued on under the 501(c)(3).

About the Association of American Publishers

The members of AAP are building the future of publishing. AAP represents America’s premier creators of high-quality entertainment, education, scientific and professional published content. They include commercial and not-for-profit organizations, scholarly societies, university presses, educational technology companies and digital start-ups. These nearly 450 organizations dedicate the creative, intellectual, financial and technological investments to bring great ideas to life and deliver content to the world’s diverse audiences in all the ways they seek it.

About Dublin Core Metadata Initiative (DCMI)

DCMI is a global community that has played key roles in the development of best practices in metadata modeling, design and implementation since 1995. The DCMI community has developed and maintains some of the major languages of description used on the Web and in systems. DCMI’s principles of operation are open consensus building, international scope and participation, neutrality of purpose and business models, neutrality of technology, and a cross disciplinary focus. DCMI is a project of ASIS&T, a U.S. 501(c)(3) nonprofit, and is supported through membership programs for both individuals and organizations.

Kenya Ministry of ICT congratulates School of Open for transformative model of learning

Creative Commons, October 22, 2014 06:20 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

SOO Africa Launch Event
SOO Africa Launch Nairobi / CC BY / Phillip Ranja

Today the Mr. Joseph Tiampati, Principal Secretary of the Ministry of ICT of Kenya gave a speech to formally launch the School of Open Africa in Nairobi. The full text of the speech is below and also available as a PDF. In addition, a congratulatory message from Prof. Jacob Kaimenyi, Cabinet Secretary, Ministry of Education, Science and Technology was delivered by Mr. John Temba, Head of ICT in Education at the Ministry. More info on the event from our announcement post yesterday.

Some highlights from the speech:

  • The Ministry recognizes Kenya as a signatory of UNESCO’s 2012 Paris Declaration on Open Educational Resources (OER) and that “open education resources improves the quality of teaching and learning, including by accelerating student comprehension and by providing more opportunities for the realisation of universal access to education.”
  • Kenya has developed and is rolling out a National ICT Master plan for the next five years. The Ministry recognizes “that Creative Commons through the School of Open Africa has provided a good example of innovative use of ICT in education that resonates well with the Kenya National ICT Master Plan… Open Education Resources coupled with innovative use of ICT in education will accelerate realization of a modern Kenya that will be a knowledge-based economy.”

And lastly,

“By using Open Educational Resources, OER, School of Open is opening up to many students who would have otherwise missed the opportunity of accessing education, especially in the marginalized areas which could not adequately access quality education. Ongoing, voluntary, and self- motivated pursuit of knowledge for either personal or professional reasons is one of the characteristics of the 21st Century. One of the major ways of promoting life-long learning is the continuous use of ICT innovations in education.

“I congratulate School of Open teams across Africa for the innovative and transformative mode of teaching and learning that we are launching today. This African initiative is a worthy model for other regions of the world to emulate.”

Congrats on a successful launch to our communities across Africa!


“Good morning.

“It gives me great pleasure to be here today as the Chief Guest during the launch of School of Open – Africa. I would like to begin by sincerely thanking Creative Commons Africa community and under the able coordination of Alex Gakuru and Tobias Schonwetter, and the global Creative Commons Community for inviting me to preside over this launch.

“I am happy to note the enthusiasm demonstrated by School of Open Africa in transforming education along Sustainable Development Goals proposed for post-2015 (Goal No. 4: “Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all”) and in line with the Kenya Vision 2030 which seeks to transform Kenya into a middle-income country that offers high quality of life to all citizens by the year 2030. I am happy to note how much School of Open Africa has grown in Kenya and embraced in countries like Senegal, Nigeria, and South Africa among other African countries in the last few years. I am informed that School of Open by Creative Commons is highly reputed around the world for addressing universal access to education.

SOO Africa Launch Event 5
Awarding CopyrightX certificates / CC BY / Phillip Ranja

“Kenya is a signatory to the UNESCO’s 2012 Paris Declaration on Open Education Resources licensed under Creative Commons open licenses. The use of open education resources improves the quality of teaching and learning, including by accelerating student comprehension and by providing more opportunities for the realisation of universal access to education. Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning, and research materials in any medium that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits their free use and re-purposing by others.

“Fully aware of the role of education in a country’s development agenda, I am sure that the new initiatives being undertaken by School of Open Africa, the Creative Commons and UNESCO are making their contribution towards the social, economic, and political pillars which are the three fundamental cornerstones of our country, and indeed for our great continent.

“Ladies and gentlemen, as you may be aware, the Country’s development blue print is being implemented through successive five- year Medium Term Plans (MTPs) that will finally enable the country to achieve the long-term goals. We are now in the second medium term plan cycle (2013-2017) whose theme is “Transforming Kenya: Pathways to Devolution, Socio-economic Development, Equity and National Unity”. As you may be aware, the ICT Authority rolled out the National ICT Master plan that will set the pace for progression of the country in ICT for the next five years. The Master plan – once fully rolled out – will completely transform government processes, services and management, and make information access and service delivery more efficient. Again, the Master plan, with the flagship projects to pilot its implementation, will steer the march towards the digital future that will transform the country to a regional technical hub, raise the country’s competitiveness and align the country in line with vision 2030’s ICT goals.

“By launching the Kenya ICT Master Plan, the government revealed its commitment towards the enhancement of access to quality education and training through ICT in line with the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). We are reviewing the National ICT Policy Guidelines to ensure alignment with proposed Sustainable Development Goals.
As a country, we are also privileged to have a National ICT Policy whose goal is to create a prosperous ICT-driven Kenyan society. With a well mainstreamed ICT society, we are assured of better livelihoods of Kenyans attainable through the availability of accessible, efficient, reliable and affordable ICT services.

“ICT provides a platform that enables the realization of these goals. I must emphasize that Creative Commons through the School of Open Africa has provided a good example of innovative use of ICT in education that resonates well with the Kenya National ICT Master Plan. The integration of ICT into educational programmes places both the teaching staff and students at the forefront in the utilization of ICT for the enhancement of lives.

“I note with great pleasure the freedom to re-purpose offered by openly licensed educational resources, the convenience online access to learners as alternative courses delivery and certification methods. At this juncture, ladies and gentlemen, I thank William Fisher III, Professor of Intellectual Property and his staff at the Berkman Centre for Internet and Society at Harvard Law School for providing a free copyright law course taught to graduands present today to receive their certificates. I also thank Michael Murungi (then CEO, National Council for Law Reporting or “Kenya Law”) and Alex Gakuru for successfully conducting the course in Nairobi. I must congratulate the former students and ask to make the very best use of the copyright law knowledge they acquired while also challenging all universities represented here to consider emulating the highly successfully CopyrightX initiative.

“As the government continues to work on modalities of ensuring universal access to education and increasing the internet penetration in all parts of the country, we are pleased to witness this mode of study that will definitely translate to affordable education. Open Education Resources coupled with innovative use of ICT in education will accelerate realization of a modern Kenya that will be a knowledge-based economy.

“By using Open Educational Resources, OER, School of Open is opening up to many students who would have otherwise missed the opportunity of accessing education, especially in the marginalized areas which could not adequately access quality education. Ongoing, voluntary, and self- motivated pursuit of knowledge for either personal or professional reasons is one of the characteristics of the 21st Century. One of the major ways of promoting life-long learning is the continuous use of ICT innovations in education.

“I congratulate School of Open teams across Africa for the innovative and transformative mode of teaching and learning that we are launching today. This African initiative is a worthy model for other regions of the world to emulate.

“As I conclude I take this opportunity to applaud UNESCO’s efforts and contribution in the development and growth of the country through this noble initiative that enables the primary, secondary and universities to optimize the use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in learning. I acknowledge the generous financial support from the Hewlett Foundation and SOO Africa teams support by Google.

“With those remarks, it is now my pleasure to declare the School of Open Africa officially opened.

“Thank you.”

Build a commons for everyone

Creative Commons, October 22, 2014 04:42 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

I joined CC in June of this year, and immediately set out to update our strategy. I spent the summer working with our staff, affiliates, board, partners, and funders to understand the needs and the opportunities, and to plan for 2015 and beyond.

Today, we’re focused on three strategic objectives:

  1. A vibrant commons. Supporting the CC license suite so it’s easy to contribute to the commons —from improving the experience on platforms, to enhancing our license chooser, to translating the 4.0 licenses;
  2. A usable commons. Helping creators find and reuse the content they want and need, including exploring ways to improve search and content analytics, so creators can see where their content goes after they share it; and,
  3. A relevant commons. Leading a movement of individuals, organizations, and institutions who will inspire others to create the commons of creativity and knowledge we all want.

These three simple objectives will guide our work over the next year. If you share our goal of a more healthy and vibrant commons, we’re proud to work alongside you.

This month, we’ll launch our most ambitious annual campaign yet. We’re going to tell the story of the commons, its reach, and its potential, to make a compelling case for our work. We’ll share some exciting new projects that show how we’re building the next phase of CC.

I hope that you’ll make a donation, but equally as important, I hope you’ll help us spread the word and grow our community of donors to build a more sustainable organization.

Support Creative Commons

Creative Commons BY SA 4.0 uitwisselbaar met Free Art License 1.3

CC Netherlands, October 22, 2014 08:45 AM   License: Naamsvermelding 3.0 Nederland

Creative Commons heeft vandaag aangekondigd dat een van zijn licenties uitwisselbaar is met een licentie van een derde partij. De 1.3 versie van de Free Art License (FAL) is uitwisselbaar met de 4.0 versie van de Creative Commons BY SA licentie. Dit is goed nieuws voor mensen die materiaal willen hergebruiken omdat materiaal van beide licenties voor het eerst met elkaar (legaal) gecombineerd kunnen worden.


Move-Horizontally / P.J. Onori / CC BY

Het is niet altijd mogelijk om het ene Creative Commons gelicenseerde werk te combineren met een ander Creative Commons gelicenseerd werk. Dit is afhankelijk van de licentievoorwaarden. De relatie tussen verschillende Creative Commons  is al complex, zie onder, licenties van derden zijn nog veel moeilijker. Dat Creative Commons nu de Free Art License 1.3 as uitwisselbaar accepteert als de BY SA 4.0 licentie is een grote stap voor hergebruikers.

CC licentiecompatibiliteit

Creative Commons licentie compatibiliteit. Zoek in de bovenste rij de licentie van het werk en de eerste kolom van het werk dat je ermee wilt combineren. Alleen bij een groen vinkje mag je het werk combineren.

Meer informatie

  • Lees hier meer over de impact van deze uitwisselbaarheid.
  • Lees hier meer over de uitwisselbaarheid van de Creative Commons Licenties.
  • Op Wikimedia Commons kan je een grote collectie met FAL-gelicenseerd werk vinden.

Creative Commons: Mehr Kompatibilität und neue Strategie

Markus Beckedahl, October 22, 2014 07:20 AM   License: Namensnennung-Nicht-kommerziell-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 2.0 Deutschland

Ein Problem von offene Lizenzen wie Creative Commons ist fehlende Kompatibilität verschiedener Lizenzen. Die modulare und damit flexiblere Konstruktion von Creative Commons hat dieses Problem noch einmal verschärft, weil beispielsweise Inhalte, die nur zur nicht-kommerziellen Nutzung freigegeben sind (NC-Lizenzen), sich nicht mit Inhalten unter der von der Wikipedia genutzten Lizenz Namensnennung-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen (BY-SA) integrieren lassen. Was die BY-SA-Lizenz auszeichnet ist das “Copyleft”-Prinzip, das analog zur GPL-Lizenz im Softwarebereich entwickelt wurde.

Logo der Licence Art Libre

Logo der Licence Art Libre

Schon vor der Veröffentlichung der ersten Version von Creative Commons Ende 2002 gab es bereits andere Copyleft-Lizenzen für Inhalte jenseits von Software. Die bekannteste ist vermutlich die ursprünglich für Softwaredokumentation entworfene GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL), unter der anfänglich auch die Wikipedia stand.

Ebenfalls älter als Creative Commons ist die in Frankreich im Jahr 2000 veröffentlichte Copyleft-Lizenz “Licence Art Libre” (Free Art License, FAL). Erst gestern aber wurden FAL und BY-SA offiziell für kompatibel erklärt (vgl. auch Liste kompatibler Lizenzen). Ab sofort ist damit eine wechselseitige Integration von Inhalten unter den beiden Lizenzen ohne Rechteklärung möglich.

Creative Commons steigt in App-Entwicklung ein

Verbunden mit dem Wechsel an der Spitze von Creative Commons von Catherine Casserly zu Ryan Merkley sind offensichtlich auch neue Strategien wie ein Einstieg in App-Entwicklung. Bereits letzte Woche gab Merkley bekannt, dass Creative Commons von der Knights Foundation Gelder für die Erstellung einer Smartphone App eingeworben hatte. Die Idee beschreibt Merkley wie folgt (meine Übersetzung):

Wir werden eine mobile App entwickeln, die Leute zum Erstellen und Teilen von Fotos auf einer Liste der “meistgewünschten” Bilder ermuntert. Organisationen und Einzelpersonen können einen Aufruf erstellen und Nutzer werden um Beteiligung gebeten – inklusive (für jene, die das möchten) geo-basierter Hinweise (“Ryan, wir sehen, dass Du beim Mozilla Festival bist. Könntest Du ein Foto von hackenden Codern machen?”). Alle Bilder werden in ein öffentliches Repositorium hochgeladen und unter CC-BY lizenziert werden, sodass jeder sie nutzen kann. Kreative werden so eine breitere Nutzung ihrer Werke erreichen und möglicherweise um das beste Foto “konkurrieren”. Intern nennen wir es “Die Liste, powered by Creative Commons”.

Man darf gespannt sein, wie erfolgreich der Einstieg von Creative Commons ins App-Geschäft laufen wird. Der Mut zu Experimenten und neuen Strategien für mehr Lizenznutzung ist aber jedenfalls begrüßenswert.

10/23 中午 創用CC影展--東吳場

CC Taiwan, October 22, 2014 02:23 AM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

2014創用CC影展座談最後一場,將於 10/23 中午1200-1500在東吳大學城區校區 崇基樓二樓1205教室舉辦。

除了會一起看紀錄片The Internet's Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz 外,還邀請到東吳大學學法系林利芝副教授,與音樂創作人朱約信先生,分別從法律觀點以及音樂創作人的角度,來分享他們對於自由文化的想法。

Open Access Button launches with new features

Creative Commons, October 22, 2014 12:33 AM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Open Access Button / CC BY 2.0

Today at an Open Access Week event in London, the Open Access Button was re-launched with new features “to help researchers, patients, students and the public get access to scientific and scholarly research.” The Open Access Button originally was created in response to researchers running into paywalls or other control mechanisms when they attempted to read and re-use scholarly journal articles.

The beta Open Access Button–released in November 2013–documented these stymied research efforts, tracking nearly 10,000 instances of denied access due to paywalls. The updated button is a browser plug-in that enables a person who conducts a similar search–but who is once again denied access–to explore other options in order to get access to the paper. It does this by conducting a search for a freely-available version of the research article on the web, for example a preprint or unformatted version of a finalized article manuscript. If this does not work the button provides the functionality to send an email to the author of the article to ask that a copy of the article be made available and shareable to others who need it. The button will do other things, too, such as creating a unique listing for each paper that is requested, so that authors can view demand for access to their works. Finally, the button aims to collect data and anecdotes arising from its use in order to feed advocacy and reform efforts related to the scholarly communications and publishing system.

The Open Access Button is an interesting tool because it both increases awareness of a problem within the academic publishing ecosystem and strives to deliver needed articles into the hands of the researchers to conduct their work. It is informational, empowering, and practical. Anyone can now install the Open Access Button. Congratulations to the terrific team on extending a creative and useful tool in support of open access to scholarly research.

Below is the video recording from the Open Access Button launch on 21 October. Keep an eye on the CC blog and Open Access Week website for more information about OA events this week.

Big win for an interoperable commons: BY-SA and FAL now compatible

Creative Commons, October 21, 2014 10:08 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

FAL 1.3 now compatible with CC BY-SA 4.0
Move-Horizontally / P.J. Onori / CC BY

Glühwendel brennt durch

Glühwendel brennt durch / Stefan Krause / FAL 1.3

This FAL-licensed photo was selected as Wikimedia Commons’ 2013 Picture of the Year.

Like CC Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA), the Free Art License (FAL 1.3) is a copyleft license, meaning that it requires licensees to share their adaptations under the same license. Therefore, it’s impossible to create an adaptation that combines works under both BY-SA and FAL. Until now.

Today, we’re proud to announce in collaboration with that the Free Art License 1.3 and CC Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 are now compatible.

With this compatibility declaration, anyone remixing a work under FAL can license her remix under BY-SA. Similarly, people can adapt works under BY-SA and license them under FAL, or mix works under both licenses and license the resulting works under either license or both.

From the beginning, Creative Commons ShareAlike licenses were designed with interoperability in mind. We believe that the commons is at its best when there are as few walls as possible preventing people from mixing and combining its works. As CC co-founder Lawrence Lessig noted when speaking of compatibility between BY-SA and the FAL, “Our idea was eventually that it [wouldn’t] matter which of the free licenses you were in as long as you could move into the equivalent free license that would be CC compatible.”

Today, this idea has been realized, and there is one less barrier preventing licensees from remixing and combining openly licensed works.

This is a special moment for another reason. Originally drafted in 2000, the Free Art License is one of the first copyleft licenses designed for content, not software. It’s only fitting that it become the first third-party license to be declared compatible with CC BY-SA.

See our Compatible Licenses page for more information. If you’d like to learn more about the steps that led to this announcement, see this page on the CC Wiki.

We applaud and congratulate and its community on this shared achievement. Thanks to Antoine Moreau and the team at CC France for their support throughout this process.

What’s next? Since the CC licenses launched, many people have dreamed of compatibility between BY-SA and the GNU General Public License (GPLv3), a widely-used copyleft software license. Sometimes when reusing openly licensed content in software, it can be difficult to discern where the content ends and the software begins. Allowing developers to license their adaptations of BY-SA content under the GPL would prevent a lot of licensing headaches.

CC will begin to tackle GPL compatibility with a proposal and preliminary analysis in the coming weeks. If you’d like to listen in or get involved, subscribe to our license development list. announcement (français)

Ministries of ICT, Education, & UNESCO join to formally launch School of Open Africa

Creative Commons, October 21, 2014 04:22 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

As promised last week, here are the details around the formal launch event for School of Open Africa taking place in Nairobi tomorrow morning.

SOO AfricaV3
SOO logo here. Earth CC BY by Erin Standley, Noun Project.

Our Creative Commons and School of Open volunteers in Kenya, including CC Regional Coordinator Alex Gakuru, are hosting a formal launch event of School of Open Africa in celebration of the School of Open programs launched last month in Africa, and to announce new programs in higher education. The event will feature a panel discussion with senior government officials from the Kenyan Ministry of Education, Science and Technology and Ministry of ICT along with Dr. Bitange Ndemo (University of Nairobi) and regional representatives from UNESCO and Google regarding the status of open education in Africa, School of Open’s contributions and future. Alex says,

“This event will help establish a conversation platform for policymakers around School of Open Africa, connecting and synchronising education and ICT policies with the innovative open education programs being led by Creative Commons volunteers in Africa. It will also connect current School of Open programs in primary and high school education to academia and NRENs1 — towards the realisation of the international aspiration for universal access to education.”

Additional attendees include professors from local universities and law schools; participants of the copyright law course, CopyrightX:Kenya, who will be awarded certificates of completion; our CC Kenya affiliates; and School Open Kenya leads.

CopyrightX Kenya
CopyrightX Kenya / CC Kenya / CC BY

In addition to the panel, SOO Kenya’s Simeon Oriko will present on School of Open Africa programs led to date, and Dr. Tonny Omwansa with C4DLab at the University of Nairobi will announce a new School of Open program to develop OER courses for higher education. This program will serve as a model for other universities across Africa to develop high quality open educational resources for use in higher education under CC BY. In celebration, CC t-shirts in Kiswahili will be distributed, “mwananchi mbunifu,” aka ‘creative commoner.’

soo africa launch shirts2

The event is hosted at the Serena Hotel in Nairobi and will last from 9am-1pm, followed by a celebratory lunch. The event and new OER program in higher education is made possible with technical support from UNESCO and generous financial support from the Hewlett Foundation.

About the School of Open


The School of Open is a global community of volunteers that provides free education opportunities on the meaning, application, and impact of “openness” in the digital age and its benefit to creative endeavors, education, and research. Volunteers develop and run courses, workshops, and training programs on topics such as Creative Commons licenses, open educational resources, and sharing creative works. The School of Open is coordinated by Creative Commons and P2PU, a nonprofit that builds and supports learning communities on the web.

Ανοικτό κάλεσμα για συμμετοχη στην διοργάνωση του 3ου Φεστιβαλ των Κοινών στο Ηράκλειο Κρήτης

CC Greece, October 21, 2014 02:16 PM   License: Αναφορά Δημιουργού 3.0 Ελλάδα

Η Οργανωτική Ομάδα του 2ου Φεστιβάλ των Κοινών σας προσκαλεί στη συνάντηση που θα γίνει την Παρασκευή 24 Οκτωβρίου στις 19:00 στην αίθουσα Περτσαλίδη του Εργατικού Κέντρου Ηρακλείου.

Το Φεστιβάλ των Κοινών αποτελεί μια πρωτοβουλία για την προώθηση της ελεύθερης γνώσης και της ομότιμης συνεργασίας για τη δημιουργία και τη διαχείριση των κοινών.

Φέτος θέλουμε να ξανα-διοργανώσουμε για τρίτη συνεχή χρονιά στη πόλη του Ηρακλείου αυτό το Φεστιβάλ.

Συνεχίζοντας την προσπάθεια μας για ανοικτές διαδικασίες, θα θέλαμε να προσκαλέσουμε όποιον επιθυμεί να συμμετέχει στην οργάνωση και τον σχεδιασμό του Φεστιβάλ.

Αν ενδιαφέρεστε να ενημερωθείτε για το τι σκεφτόμαστε για το Φεστιβάλ των Κοινών 2015 ή θέλετε να έχετε την εμπειρία της οργάνωσης ενός ανοικτού φεστιβάλ που προτείνει λύσεις για την διαχείριση των αναγκών μας στο καθεστώς διαρκούς κρίσης που βιώνουμε, σας περιμένουμε για να δούμε μαζί πώς μπορούμε να σχεδιάσουμε τον κόσμο που θέλουμε μέσα στον κόσμο που θέλουμε να ξεπεράσουμε.

Οργανωτική ομάδα 2ου Φεστιβάλ των Κοινών

Περισσότερες πληροφορίες εδώ.

Google stelt 750 iconen vrij onder Creative Commons-licentie

CC Netherlands, October 21, 2014 09:52 AM   License: Naamsvermelding 3.0 Nederland

Het Google Material Design-project heeft vorige week 750 iconen vrij gemaakt voor hergebruik. Ze hebben de iconen opgesteld met de Creative Commons-licentie Naamsvermelding-GelijkDelen.  Dit wil zeggen dat de afbeeldingen gebruikt kunnen worden voor alle doeleinden, zolang de bron vermeld wordt en de iconen in nieuwe werken ook CC BY-SA blijven. Google geeft aan dat ze ontworpen zijn om in apps en andere interactieve omgevinden gebruikt te worden, maar zijn uiteraard ook geschikt voor presentaties, posters, flyers en dergelijke. Kijk op deze pagina hoe je goed aan deze voorwaarden kan voldoen.

Screen Shot 2014-10-21 at 09.26.27


Een greep uit de nieuwe iconen (Google Material Design Project, CC BY-SA).

Veel plezier met het uitproberen van deze nieuwe iconen!

Work In Progress: Some Art

Rob Myers, October 21, 2014 06:44 AM   License: Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International


“Some Art”, html5 canvas and JavaScript animation, 2014. Work in progress.

創用CC影展--台大場 今晚登場!

CC Taiwan, October 21, 2014 02:07 AM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

今晚除了會一起看這部剛出爐的紀錄片The Internet's Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz 外,也邀請到中華民國視覺藝術聯盟理事長駱麗真老師,以及台灣師範大學媒體素養研究中心主任陳炳宏老師,分別從視覺創作、媒體角度來分享他們對於自由文化的觀點。



(圖:CC BY 4.0 陳慧潔)

Open Access Week 2014 is underway

Creative Commons, October 20, 2014 07:34 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported


Today begins the 8th annual Open Access Week. Open Access Week is a week-long celebration and educational opportunity to discuss and promote the practice and policy of Open Access to scholarly literature–“the free, immediate, online availability of research articles, coupled with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment.” Open Access Week has become a huge international initiative, including dozens of in-person and virtual events, the launch of OA-related projects, and the development and publishing of materials and tools supporting education about the benefits, challenges, and opportunity for open access to scholarly research. This year’s Open Access Week theme is “Generation Open”:

The theme will highlight the importance of students and early career researchers as advocates for change in the short-term, through institutional and governmental policy, and as the future of the Academy upon whom the ultimate success of the Open Access movement depends. The theme will also explore how changes in scholarly publishing affect scholars and researchers at different stages of their careers.

Check the feed at for hundreds of posts about the variety of activities hosted this week, and share what you’re doing on Twitter using the hashtag #OAWeek2014. There’s already many interesting things happening, with more to come this week! Follow the CC blog, Twitter, and Facebook for more.

Om å publisere en fagfellevurdert open access bok

CC Norway, October 20, 2014 08:54 AM   License: Navngivelse 3.0 Norge


Professor Jill Walker Rettberg ved Universitet i Bergen har akkurat publisert sin siste bok som en fagfellevurdert open access bok. Boka er tilgjengelig under CC-BY 3.0, og du kan altså laste ned ebok-utgaven (PDF, epub, Kindle) gratis.

På sin egen blogg skriver hun om motivasjonen for å benytte open access-publisering, og om prosessen med forlaget fram til ferdig bok. Dette er vel verdt å lese for alle som er interessert i denne publiseringsformen.

Av fortellingen framgår at manuskriptet gikk gjennom fagfellevurdering på vanlig måte og ble akseptert av forlaget (Palgrave) før man inngikk avtale om open access-publisering. Hadde boka blitt solgt på ordinær måte hadde den sannsynligvis kostet £45-£65. Ved å frikjøpe den for open access-publisering (prisen på frikjøp var £7500) kan fysiske kopier selges for £20 og ebok-utgaven lastes ned gratis.

Przegląd linków CC #153

CC Poland, October 19, 2014 08:18 PM   License: Uznanie autorstwa 2.5 Polska

Otwarta edukacja

1. W czwartek odbyła się premiera testowych części e-podręczników dla klas 1-3 z projektu Cyfrowa Szkoła. Nowe części podręczników wywołały ekscytacje i kontrowersje. Przy okazji wyjaśniła się przyczyna tylko częściowej dostępności zasobów testowych Cyfrowej Szkoły na wolnych licencjach. Jest to spowodowane odbieraniem od wykonawców praw do poszczególnych części testowych jeszcze przed ich przekazaniem praw autorskich do Ośrodka Rozwoju Edukacji.

2. W gościnnym wpisie założyciela firmy Boundless, tworzącej otwarte cyfrowe podręczniki akademickie na blogu Creative Commons możecie przeczytać o tym jak można zbudować komercyjne przedsięwzięcie na bazie otwartych zasobów i jaką rolę odgrywają w nim nie tylko klienci, ale również społeczność twórców i użytkowników.

3. Tymczasem wydawnictwo OpenStax, również tworzące otwarte podręczniki akademickie podsumowało 3 lata swojej działalności obliczeniem, że studentom którzy korzystają z jego oferty zaoszczędzili 30 milionów dolarów.

4. Jeśli interesuje Was jak uniwersytety i wydawnictwa obliczają takie oszczędności jak wspomniane wyżej OpenStax zajrzyjcie na blog Clinta Lalonde, któr opisuje jak dział na uczelni BC Campus, od dwóch lat realizującej program otwartych podręczników i materiałów do kursów.

5. David Willey pisze o wpływie aktualnie zachodzących zmian w edukacji (roli upowszechniającego się dostępu technologii i internetu, otwartości zasobów i praktyk edukacyjnych) na społeczeństwo, zwłaszcza poprzez radykalne obniżenie kosztu

6. Edukator Medialny skomentował bardzo szczegółowo nasz artykuł o otwartych podręcznikach w Gazecie Wyborczej, podkreślając szerszy kontekst pedagogiczny, kluczowy dla wprowadzenia skutecznej zmiany w edukacji.

Otwarta nauka

7. Paperity – multidyscyplinarny agregator czasopism i artykułów w otwartym dostępie (open access) publikowanych w modelu złotym lub hybrydowym.

8. Dzięki ICM UW dostępny jest polski przekład książki Petera Suber’a “Otwarty dostęp”. To już klasyczna pozycja będąca przewodnikiem po zagadnieniach otwartego dostępu do wyników badań i nauki.

9. Jutro (20.10) zaczyna się międzynarodowy tydzień otwartej nauki (Open Access Week), pierwsze wydarzenia już trwają, a listę nadchodzących możecie sprawdzić na

Open Rubens


Otwarte zasoby

10. Jeśli znacie język niderlandzki lub jesteście w stanie poruszać się po stronie bez jego znajomości (np. z tłumaczem online) to polecamy Wam wirtualne archiwum prac Petera Paula Rubensa stworzone w ramach projektu Europeana Space, które udostępnia nie tylko prace ale również otwarte dane na temat obrazów i ich historii.

CC News: Let’s change the internet.

Creative Commons, October 16, 2014 10:21 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Stay up-to-date with CC by subscribing to our newsletter and following us on Twitter.

Let’s change the internet

“CC and its licenses are part of the infrastructure that powers the web we know and love. But building the licenses is just the first step; the next step is to use those licenses as a tool for change. All of us can work together to demonstrate the value of sharing to individuals, governments, policy-makers, institutions, and corporations, and to build a future in which everyone is more free to participate in society.”

Read CC board chair Paul Brest’s letter from our annual report.

Obama highlights open education
White House
CC BY (cropped)

In his address on open government at the United Nations, US President Barack Obama underscored the importance of open educational resources.

Our Digital Future
Our Digital Future / CC BY-NC-SA
(screengrab, cropped)’s Our Digital Future lays out a set of common-sense recommendations for restructuring copyright law in a way that benefits everyone.

Creative Commons Thing of the Day
Casey Fyfe / CC0

Your daily awesome from the internet. Check out the Creative Commons Thing of the Day.

SOO Tanzania launch
SOO Tanzania launch
CC Tanzania / CC BY (cropped)

The School of Open is taking off all over Africa. Find out what’s next and how to get involved.

School of Open Africa’s Launch and Future

Creative Commons, October 16, 2014 04:42 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

In September, the School of Open Africa launched with nine programs distributed across four jurisdictions: Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria, and South Africa. Kayode from CC Nigeria announced in the launch in August, and now we want to give you an update on how the programs (some ongoing) and launch events fared! We also want to preview more events to take place during Open Access Week and tell you our plans for the future of School of Open in Africa.

School of Open Kenya

SOO Kenya popjam
SOO Kenya Popjam / Jamlab / CC BY-SA

Simeon from Jamlab says, “We hosted 20 girls from Precious Blood Secondary School, Riruta for the [launch] event. The goal was to work with these students to map out education as they currently experience it in their school and figure out how best to incorporate Open Education in their learning. For most of the afternoon, the emphasis on the workshop centered on figuring out how the students could incorporate Open Education in their learning. After a brief discussion, we mapped out learning and education activities as follows:

  • Lectures/Class instruction
  • Private study/prep
  • Group study
  • Revision of past examination papers
  • Student Symposiums

We asked them if we could add aspects of Open Education to this list. Very few of the students had heard about Open Education or understood its value at this point. We discussed Open Education in a little more detail: We explored the concept of the commons, copyright and copyleft and how the Creative Commons suite of licenses has enabled the Open Education movement globally.”

The future of SOO Kenya:

“One of the themes that stood out is getting school administrations and teachers to understand and make an investment in Open Education. This will be Jamlab’s focus in the coming year. While we work with administrators and teachers, we encouraged students to begin to demonstrate the value of Open Education by creating demand for it in the following ways: consume OER’s and integrate them in their learning, and pro-actively create and share OER’s with other students from other schools.”

School of Open Tanzania

SOO Tanzania
SOO Tanzania launch / CC Tanzania / CC BY

Paul from CC Tanzania says, “The program officially launched at Academic International Primary School (AIPS) in Dar es Salaam whereby 15 students from grades four to seven got the opportunity to learn how to code, designing animated picture (cartoons) by using open educational resources through the web.”

The future of SOO Tanzania:

“The event also marked the launch of three other training programs around ICT empowerment training for unemployed youth, teaching persons with disabilities how to use computers, and training educators on using ICT to improve how they teach their students in Tanzania that will be coordinated by CC Tanzania and the Open University of Tanzania.”

CC Tanzania will also highlight the importance of open access to research during Open Access Week in collaboration with the Tanzania Medical Students Association (TAMSA).

School of Open Nigeria

SOO Nigeria
SOO Nigeria Saturday training / K-Why / CC BY

Kayode from CC Nigeria says, “Creative Commons Nigeria with support from Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Linux Professional Institute (Nigerian Master Affiliate) and Mozilla Foundation hosted the School of Open. The School of Open is a five week open course that holds every Saturday between 11am till 4pm. The first week started on September 13th with participants been trained on the basics of Intellectual Property, Linux Operating System and using simple Mozilla tools to design websites.”

The future of SOO Nigeria:

The five-week programs wrapped over the weekend with a discussion on plans for sustaining the community. The next phase will be to take School of Open Nigeria online with the present participants acting as moderators. Meanwhile, people and institutions in two different states (Imo State and Obafemi Awolowo University, Osun State) have requested that Creative Commons Nigeria come replicate School of Open in their societies. The aim of School of Open Nigeria will be to have an online learning place where people can go to learn at any time without any cost or time restrictions.

School of Open South Africa

Kumusha bus
Kumusha Bus / WikiAfrica / CC BY-SA

Kelsey from CC South Africa says they already ran their School of Open CC4Kids course as part of Code4CT’s Maker Party back in July, and since then have been planning the next phase of Kumusha Bus, aka Kumusha Bus 2.0, which is “a remix of Libre Bus and designed to ensure collaboration with local members of the open community to have a week of Open Movement chaos and fun that spreads the ideas behind the movement and gets more people and organisations involved in your country.” Kumusha Bus is a collaboration of WikiAfrica, Creative Commons, and School of Open.

The future of SOO South Africa:
Kelsey & co are planning to expand CC4Kids into a full course pack designed to teach kids about Wikipedia, open journalism, open data, and open/citizen science. As part of this expansion, a session will be run at the upcoming Mozilla Festival called “OpenMe – Kids Can Open”.

More about the future

School of Open Africa is hosting another event next week, 22 October, to launch its entrance into the higher education space. Four courses will be developed in collaboration with the C4DLab, the University of Nairobi’s innovation hub, and will be licensed CC BY. The project is a response to ICT playing a critical role in expanding the knowledge economy of Africa; the OER will be developed by and for Africans; and the hope is to replicate the process in other universities. In addition, certificates will be awarded to participants of CC Kenya’s CopyrightX satellite from earlier this year, a panel discussion on OER will be featured, and SOO Kenya will present its work to date. The event and C4DLab OER project is made possible with technical support from UNESCO and generous support from the Hewlett Foundation. Stay tuned for a more detailed announcement of this event next week!

At its core, School of Open is about equipping communities with the tools to help them do what they already do better. Creative Commons licenses and the open resources they enable empowers users around the world to, as Simeon of SOO Kenya says, “build on what we already know.” He says,

I think one thing we often forget to highlight when it comes to education is how we learn… We learn by building on what we already know. We believe Open Education is one sure way of building on what we already know to advance ourselves.

We are seeking to expand School of Open to other regions, in and beyond Africa. The upcoming Mozilla Festival will feature a session on mapping School of Open programs from around the world and hone in on areas with maximum potential for impact — where we can “train the trainers” or otherwise empower student and educator communities to start up programs for themselves. Find out how you can get involved!

About the School of Open


The School of Open is a global community of volunteers that provides free education opportunities on the meaning, application, and impact of “openness” in the digital age and its benefit to creative endeavors, education, and research. Volunteers develop and run courses, workshops, and training programs on topics such as Creative Commons licenses, open educational resources, and sharing creative works. The School of Open is coordinated by Creative Commons and P2PU, a nonprofit that builds and supports learning communities on the web.

大家都說 : 不要新的授權條款!

CC Taiwan, October 16, 2014 01:07 PM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

公眾授權迷人之處在於它具有簡易操作以及相容性的特性,而creative commons的CC授權條款被廣泛地認為是出版界在開放近用(open access)方面的授權標準,然近日一個主流的行業組織發布了一套新的授權方式並敦促其會員採用之。我們認為新的授權條款會增加不必要的複雜並與既有的授權方式產生摩擦,最終對於開放近用運動造成的傷害可能遠大於其能給予的幫助。

今年8月初時,COMMUNIA以及來自世界各地57個組織發表了一封聯名信要求國際科學、技術和醫學出版商協會(International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers,簡稱STM)撤回他所發布的開放近用授權模式。STM 協會創造此一授權條款用以促進科學、技術、醫學領域研究的共享,然而,該授權模式卻是混亂、多於且與其他公眾授權條款不相容。除了另外發展一套新的授權條款,聯名書的簽署方呼籲STM協會應建議其下的作者使用現有的選擇,並認為如此方能真正促進實現STM協會的中心使命,亦即確保學術研究的利益能被確實、廣泛的使用。

Open Access Week 2014

CC Netherlands, October 16, 2014 01:04 PM   License: Naamsvermelding 3.0 Nederland

Tussen 20 en 26 october is het weer Open Access Week. Het thema dit jaar is ‘Generation Open’ waarbij er extra aandacht gegeven wordt aan studenten en jonge onderzoekers die de kans hebben hun carrière te beginnen met de principes van open. Er worden wereldwijd evenementen georganiseerd om toegang tot wetenschappelijke publicaties te vieren, zo ook in Nederland. De TU Delft organiseert bijvoorbeeld een lunch seminar op 22 oktober over wat Open Access is, hoe het werkt en wat de Creative Commons-licenties zijn.

Open Access Week header 2

Afbeelding CC BY door Open Access Week.

Open Access is een beweging waarbij de gedachte is dat er universele toegang moet zijn tot wetenschappelijke publicaties om zo de verspreiding van kennis, cultuur en onderzoek te bevorderen. Er zijn al veel online tijdschriften (Open Access Journals) die gratis toegang tot de publicaties verschaffen. Deze zijn vaak ook open gelicenseerd met een Creative Commons-licentie. Je kunt de tijdschriften vrijwel allemaal doorzoeken met de Directory of Open Access Journals.

We wensen iedereen een fijne Open Access Week!

Kiwis need Open Access to publicly funded research

CC New Zealand, October 16, 2014 03:08 AM   License: Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ is calling for all New Zealanders to have Open Access to publicly funded research.

Matt McGregor of Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ says: “From the point of view of the general public, the current system of scholarly publishing is broken. Taxpayers can end up paying for published research three times over: funding the research; employing the researcher; and buying access for a limited number of students and researchers to read the final publication. The public, despite this investment, generally receives no access whatsoever.”

This means that the social, cultural and economic benefits of taxpayer-funded research — including new research, innovative products, better public policy and a well-informed citizenry — are not fully realised.

“Hundreds of universities and research funders around the world have adopted Open Access policies. It’s great to see universities like Lincoln, Canterbury and Waikato leading the way in New Zealand on this front,” says McGregor.

“It would be of enormous benefit to New Zealand for the rest of the research sector to follow in their footsteps, and adopt Open Access mandates. This will enable everyone — including teachers, students, journalists and businesses — to have access to the research that we all pay for.”

Fabiana Kubke, neuroscientist, Senior Lecturer at the University of Auckland and Chair of the Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ Advisory Panel, says:

“We put a man on the moon about half a century ago yet we still haven’t solved the problem of access to research. The more broadly we disseminate our findings, the more likely we are to achieve the goals set out by the NZ Education Act: to maintain, advance, and assist in the application of knowledge, to develop intellectual independence, and to promote community learning.

“These goals can be best met by making the research outputs available under Open Access and, equally importantly, allowing re-use. Creative Commons licences enable this to happen.”

Kiwi academics are starting to embrace the possibilities inherent in Open Access, but their efforts will need to be supported by mandates from research organisations and funding bodies. Chris Whelan, Executive Director of Universities NZ, says:

“We support Open Access policies across the tertiary sector. At present, published research is hugely expensive for public universities to access, and is largely inaccessible to the wider public. These costs have risen enormously over the last two decades, and we have not seen a reciprocal increase in benefits to either the university sector or the public.

“The existing paywalls to scholarship slow down the pace of discovery and prevent the benefits of university scholarship from being fully realised. Given the substantial public investment in research, Open Access policies should be adopted across the research sector, to ensure that New Zealanders have access to the research they fund.

“This will put New Zealand in line with universities and research funders overseas, and enable universities to more effectively share the fruits of their research.”

For Open Access Week 2014 (20-26 October), we celebrate the three NZ universities — Lincoln, Canterbury and Waikato — that have Open Access policies. Aotearoa also has a world-leading Open Access and licensing mandate for public sector data and information, dubbed NZGOAL, which was approved by Cabinet in 2010.

Now, Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ is calling for all publicly funded research in New Zealand to be Open Access.

Creative Commons named Knight Prototype Fund recipient

Creative Commons, October 15, 2014 09:54 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Today, the Knight Foundation announced the selected recipients of its latest Prototype Fund. We’re very proud to be among them, with a new project that probably sounds a bit outside of our normal work to those familiar with CC. Here’s why we’re doing it:

When I joined as CEO, I was tasked with imagining the next phase of Creative Commons. Now that we have the licenses, what do we want to do with them? How do we build a wide-reaching commons of creativity and knowledge, with easy contribution, use, and re-use? After talking with dozens of partners, funders, our global affiliate network, and our staff, I think it boils down to three areas: building a movement, driving content into the commons, and helping creators get content out.

Today’s announcement from Knight works in the first and second categories: pushing content into the commons, while engaging a new group of contributors. We will create a mobile app to encourage people to take photos and share them from a list of “most wanted” images. Organizations and individuals will put out the call, and users will be prompted to respond – including (eventually for those who want them) with geo-tagged notifications (“Ryan, we see you’re at the Mozilla Festival. Would you grab a photo of coders hacking the Web?”). All images will be uploaded to a public repository and licensed under CC BY, so anyone can use them. Creators will see their work used more widely, and maybe even “compete” to take the best photo. Internally, we’re calling it “The List, powered by Creative Commons.”

CC tech lead Matt Lee is working with the talented folks in Toronto’s Playground Inc. to create the prototype, and we will be testing our assumptions over the coming months. Everything will be done in the open – we’ll be at the Mozilla Festival in London, UK, later this month sharing our initial work and gathering ideas.

This is new ground for us, but we’re excited about the potential – for better stock photography, better photos on Wikipedia, better citizen journalism, and a wider pool of contributors who have helped to build the commons. Lots more to come, but we’re grateful for Knight’s support and guidance.

Guest Post: Boundless Invites You to Write the Future of Education

Creative Commons, October 15, 2014 08:42 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

The following is a guest post by Ariel Diaz, Founder and CEO of Boundless, a platform for the creation of open textbooks that are community-built and CC BY-SA-licensed.

boundless concept
Boundless / CC BY-SA

By empowering a dedicated community of contributors in open resources, Creative Commons has given education a strong foundation for creating and sharing content. Beyond the broadly touted affordability and accessibility benefits of open resources, the flexibility these resources offer makes them practical for students and educators everywhere. Now, Boundless is leveraging the power of these open resources and the community to write the future of educational content — and we invite you to join us!

Universal access to education is a right

The wealth of Creative Commons licensed content is core to our efforts at Boundless to make access to high-quality educational content a universal right. All of our content is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license — which gives us a great combination of openness and flexibility, and assures that derivative works stay in the Commons so others can benefit.

Boundless offers content in more than 20 introductory-level college subjects for free on our website and mobile app. Using the CC BY-SA license on our content means an educator can use an article about Long-Term Memory, for example, as content in their classroom and adapt it for their syllabus. Students will save money by using open resources, and educators can share their customized version of that content with the greater Boundless community for further re-use.

principles of microeconomics
Boundless / CC BY-SA

Open content succeeds because of a powerful community

We’re seeing a transition in educational publishing from physical to digital. This transition has been slowed by a conservative industry and lack of great products, but we’re now in a time where entrepreneurs, educators, and more are challenging the status quo to create better teaching and learning opportunities. This gives us an opportunity to create communities of learners, educators, and content creators to build a better, more effective learning experience powered by open content.

I believe that open content succeeds because of its powerful community. The educators, researchers, and more who are motivated to share their work with others keep the flow of education materials moving to benefit their teaching and learning communities. The power of this community means we can challenge the status quo in education — and no longer tolerate static, expensive resources.

Over the past three years, the team at Boundless has worked with an internal community of hundreds of subject matter experts to create and curate open resources for our library of 21 subjects. This foundational content has served more than 3 million students and educators.

We’re committed to not only providing universal access to this content, but also building a collaborative, powerful community to create more content. That’s why I’m proud to share that we’ve brought on one of community education’s biggest advocates as a new Boundless advisor: SJ Klein, a veteran Wikipedian. SJ says,

“Tapping the minds of the teaching community brings great power to educational content. I look forward to working with Boundless as its community grows, not just to create more freely-licensed material, but to provide greater access to it, and make it personalizable.”

SJ is helping us grow and hone our cloud-powered community — so Boundless can do to textbooks what Wikipedia did for encyclopedias.

Write the future of education

For the first time, Boundless is opening up our platform to empower a community of educators and open resource supporters to create, improve, and share educational content. And we’re inviting Creative Commons supporters to help us write the future of education.

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CC gegen CC: Auftragskomponisten gegen Creative Commons in der ARD

Markus Beckedahl, October 15, 2014 07:51 PM   License: Namensnennung-Nicht-kommerziell-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 2.0 Deutschland

Wenn es eine Konstante in der deutschen Urheberrechtsdebatte gibt, dann sind es offene Briefe. Das jüngste Exemplar steuert jetzt der CC Composers Club e. V., Berufsverband der Auftragskomponisten in Deutschland bei, in dem den ersten vorsichtigen Schritten des öffentlich-rechtlichen Runfunks in Richtung Creative Commons (CC) mit einem Rundumschlag in epischer Länge begegnet wird.

Bild:, CC-BY 3.0 Deutschland

Bild: Nico Roicke für D64,, CC-BY 3.0 Deutschland

Anlass für den “Offenen Brief an die Intendanten der ARD-Sender” des Composers Clubs war die Veröffentlichung eines internen Berichts (PDF) der Arbeitsgruppe Creative Commons in der ARD, die ich für besprechen durfte. Dieser Bericht leitet die Forderung nach einer verstärkten Nutzung von CC-Lizenzen unmittelbar aus dem öffentlich-rechtlichen Auftrag der ARD ab und setzt sich in differenzierter Art und Weise mit Potentialen und Herausforderungen auseinander. Die Handlungsempfehlungen des Berichts sind sehr zurückhaltend und laufen darauf hinaus, dass die Redaktionen prüfen sollen, welche ihrer Inhalte unkompliziert unter einer CC-Lizenz veröffentlicht werden könnten bzw. wie das in Zukunft erleichtert werden könnte.

Mit seinem offenen Brief schlägt der Auftragskomponistenverband deshalb jetzt Alarm, kritisiert die mit Creative Commons partiell mögliche Umgehung von Depublizierungspflichten und warnt davor, “die Creative-Commons-Lizenzierung als Standard für die Verwendung von zu lizenzierendem (nicht intern hergestelltem) Material sowie von Auftragswerken” zu verwenden, was “nicht nur schädlich für die Urheber” sei, sondern würde “auch die Legitimation der öffentlich-rechtlichen Sender gefährden, da sie zu einer lizenzbedingten Verengung des Repertoires sowie des Pools an zur Verfügung stehenden Autoren führen würde.” Das Problem ist nur, dass sich diese Forderung nirgends in dem ARD-Papier findet.

In der Folge listet der Brief offensichtlich ungekürzt die Ergebnisse eines Brainstormings zum Thema warum Creative Commons böse ist. Demnach arbeiteten die “öffentlich-rechtlichen Sender […] letztlich an ihrer eigenen Abschaffung, wenn sie primär auf kommerzielle Fremdplattformen (Youtube, Facebook etc.) für die digitale Verbreitung ihrer Inhalte” setzen. Gleich im nächsten Punkt wird dann aber betont, dass die im Bericht empfohlene, restriktive CC-Lizenz gar nicht mit diesen Plattformen kompatibel wäre (was einerseits widersprüchlich und andererseits juristisch keineswegs eindeutig ist.)

Die VerfasserInnen des Briefs wittern “das Ziel eines Vergütungs-Dumpings bei Kreativschaffenden”, befürchten eine “enorme” Förderung von “Drittanbieter-Plattformen sowie Suchdienste, die zur Monopolisierung und globalen Machtausweitung neigen” (wer damit wohl gemeint sein könnte?) und fordern, dass der öffentlich-rechtliche Rundfunk “nicht verführt oder gezwungen sein [sollte], sich durch Lizenzrestriktionen zu beschränken” (wer verführt oder zwingt hier? Oder ist damit der zwanglose Zwang des besseren Arguments gemeint?).

In dem Brief finden sich aber auch plumpe Unwahrheiten wie die folgende:

Das deutsche Urheberrecht sieht gemäß §32 eine angemessene Vergütung der Urheber für die Nutzung ihrer Werke vor. Creative Commons ist damit nicht kompatibel und somit nicht rechtssicher. Selbst wenn die Sender ihrerseits angemessene Nutzungsvergütungen weiterhin zahlten, würden Urheber um wichtige Erlöse aus Drittverwertungen beschnitten.

Dass Creative Commons mit einer “angemessenen Vergütung” nicht kompatibel ist, ist einfach falsch. Die Angemessenheit ist im Einzelfall zu beurteilen. Warum sollte es nicht möglich sein, die Einräumung von Nutzungsrechten im Rahmen von Creative Commons angemessen zu vergüten? Inwieweit Erlöse aus Drittverwertungen beschnitten werden, hängt einerseits vom konkreten Werk und andererseits von der Vertragsgestaltung ab. Wieder eine völlig andere Frage ist die ebenfalls angesprochene Nutzung von Creative Commons durch öffentlich-rechtliche Sender selbst (vgl. dazu: “Urteil des LG Köln zu Creative Commons im öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunk“).

Nicht fehlen dürfen in dem Brief natürlich auch Warnungen vor dem “bürokratisch aufwändige[n] Handling der Lizenzen” sowie davor, dass Creative Commons “zu Lasten der Qualität” ginge. Schön auch juristisch völlig unfundierte Passagen wie jene, dass “Creative Commons Lizenzen aus all den genannten Gründen im vielfältigen Sendealltag niemals rechtssicher sind”.

Den Abschluss des Briefs bildet schließlich das klassische Argument von Urheberrechtshardlinern: wer nicht unserer Meinung ist, den haben bestimmt “Internet-Konzerne” gekauft. Genau mit solchen Vorwürfen wird konfrontiert, wo der Bericht der ARD-Arbeitsgruppe erstmals veröffentlicht wurde:

Es ist hinreichend bekannt, dass auf breiter Front Lobbyarbeit für Creative Commons und somit die Profiteure dieses Lizenzmodells in der Netzwirtschaft leistet, jedoch bleibt dabei weitgehend intransparent, wer die Geldgeber hinter der Plattform sind. Es besteht der Verdacht, dass hier im Namen einer verbraucherorientierten Einflussnahme auf die Politik (entsprechend dem im ARD-Papier genannten „Public Value“) letztlich Lobbyarbeit der Internet-Konzerne stattfindet und daher die Creative-Commons-Lizenzierung von Inhalten entsprechend der Maßgaben von Internetkonzernen als vermeintlich beste Lösung des öffentlich-rechtlichen Dilemmas propagiert wird.

Wer für Verbraucherinteressen im Internet eintritt macht dieser Logik zu Folge also “Lobbyarbeit der Internet-Konzerne”. Ich vermute einmal, das Creative-Commons-lizenzierte Angebot des Internet-Konzerns Wikimedia Foundation ist auf den Rechnern des Composers Club gesperrt bzw. wird tunlichst gemieden.


In einem Punkt haben die Briefschreiber des Composers Club Recht: CC-Lizenzen dürfen nicht zu Vergütungs-Dumping genutzt werden. Statt diesbezüglich eine Klarstellung einzufordern, ergeht sich das Schreiben aber in einer endlosen Liste an Halb- und Unwahrheiten. Wie sonst auch von Seiten der Urheberrechtslobby wird mit Vorliebe gegen Forderungen argumentiert, die niemand erhoben hat.

Funfact: Der CC e. V. wurde laut Wikipedia 1989 als Commercial Composers Club (CCC) e. V. gegründet. Irgendwie haben die kein Glück mit ihren Abkürzungen.

Our Digital Future: New report and agenda for copyright reform

Creative Commons, October 15, 2014 04:46 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Our Digital Future
Our Digital Future / / CC BY-NC-SA just released Our Digital Future: A Crowdsourced Agenda for Free Expression. OpenMedia developed the publication through consultations and surveys with many organizations that care about free expression on the internet. It’s organized around three principles: Respect Creators, Prioritize Free Expression, and Embrace Democratic Processes.

OpenMedia’s report makes a clear and compelling case for a better copyright framework – one that is authored by all of us, developed in the open, and for the benefit of everyone. Too often, monied interests and secret negotiations work against the commons, and we all lose out as a result. We look forward to working alongside OpenMedia to make its thoughtful recommendations a reality, and we hope that this report inspires many more to join us.

一起來做動態圖(GIF IT UP 全球徵件)

CC Taiwan, October 15, 2014 08:08 AM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣


GIF IT UP是由The Digital Public Library of AmericaDigitalNZ聯合舉辦的全球徵件活動。這個公眾領域的慶祝活動,已於本週一正式起跑!

State Library of Queensland makes thousands of images available for free download

CC Australia, October 15, 2014 03:23 AM   License: Attribution-ShareAlike 2.1 Australia

The State Library of Queensland has opened up free access to 60 000 high-resolution out-of-copyright and Creative Commons licencsed photographs.

The high-resolution TIFF images, which can be downloaded from the SLQ catalogue, contain a range of historic and contemporary images of Queensland people, places and events.

“We believe wholeheartedly in making our content available to all so we’re delighted to offer this new service.” State Librarian Janette Wright said in a press release.

“All we ask is that you credit or attribute the images appropriately. Those images made available under a Creative Commons licence should be credited by identifying State Library, the creator, the title, and the licence the work is under. Out-of-copyright images can simply be credited to State Library of Queensland.”

Previously, customers had to order copies of the photographs, with delivery taking up to five working days.

The images can be obtained through the library catalogue at Once you find an image you would like to use, select display item on the right hand side and click on the download icon on the top left.

Post by Natalie Cameron and Jessica Price

Gardens Point in Brisbane, ca. 1870. Image courtesy of State Library of Queensland.  Link to digital item:

Gardens Point in Brisbane, ca. 1870. Image courtesy of State Library of Queensland.

創用CC影展--政大場 就在今晚!

CC Taiwan, October 14, 2014 05:17 AM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

今晚除了會一起看這部去年剛出爐的紀錄片The Internet's Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz 外,這次也邀請到音樂創作人林強先生,以及StreetVoice 網路部副總經理吳柏蒼先生分享他們對於自由文化的觀點。