Planet Creative Commons

This page aggregates blogs from Creative Commons, CC jurisdiction projects, and the CC community. Opinions are those of individual bloggers.

Open Access Week 2014 is underway

Creative Commons, October 20, 2014 07:34 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

oaweeksmall

Today begins the 8th annual Open Access Week. Open Access Week is a week-long celebration and educational opportunity to discuss and promote the practice and policy of Open Access to scholarly literature–“the free, immediate, online availability of research articles, coupled with the rights to use these articles fully in the digital environment.” Open Access Week has become a huge international initiative, including dozens of in-person and virtual events, the launch of OA-related projects, and the development and publishing of materials and tools supporting education about the benefits, challenges, and opportunity for open access to scholarly research. This year’s Open Access Week theme is “Generation Open”:

The theme will highlight the importance of students and early career researchers as advocates for change in the short-term, through institutional and governmental policy, and as the future of the Academy upon whom the ultimate success of the Open Access movement depends. The theme will also explore how changes in scholarly publishing affect scholars and researchers at different stages of their careers.

Check the feed at openaccessweek.org for hundreds of posts about the variety of activities hosted this week, and share what you’re doing on Twitter using the hashtag #OAWeek2014. There’s already many interesting things happening, with more to come this week! Follow the CC blog, Twitter, and Facebook for more.

Om å publisere en fagfellevurdert open access bok

CC Norway, October 20, 2014 08:54 AM   License: Navngivelse 3.0 Norge

rettberg_seeing_ourselves3.png

Professor Jill Walker Rettberg ved Universitet i Bergen har akkurat publisert sin siste bok som en fagfellevurdert open access bok. Boka er tilgjengelig under CC-BY 3.0, og du kan altså laste ned ebok-utgaven (PDF, epub, Kindle) gratis.

På sin egen blogg skriver hun om motivasjonen for å benytte open access-publisering, og om prosessen med forlaget fram til ferdig bok. Dette er vel verdt å lese for alle som er interessert i denne publiseringsformen.

Av fortellingen framgår at manuskriptet gikk gjennom fagfellevurdering på vanlig måte og ble akseptert av forlaget (Palgrave) før man inngikk avtale om open access-publisering. Hadde boka blitt solgt på ordinær måte hadde den sannsynligvis kostet £45-£65. Ved å frikjøpe den for open access-publisering (prisen på frikjøp var £7500) kan fysiske kopier selges for £20 og ebok-utgaven lastes ned gratis.

Przegląd linków CC #153

CC Poland, October 19, 2014 08:18 PM   License: Uznanie autorstwa 2.5 Polska

Otwarta edukacja

1. W czwartek odbyła się premiera testowych części e-podręczników dla klas 1-3 z projektu Cyfrowa Szkoła. Nowe części podręczników wywołały ekscytacje i kontrowersje. Przy okazji wyjaśniła się przyczyna tylko częściowej dostępności zasobów testowych Cyfrowej Szkoły na wolnych licencjach. Jest to spowodowane odbieraniem od wykonawców praw do poszczególnych części testowych jeszcze przed ich przekazaniem praw autorskich do Ośrodka Rozwoju Edukacji.

2. W gościnnym wpisie założyciela firmy Boundless, tworzącej otwarte cyfrowe podręczniki akademickie na blogu Creative Commons możecie przeczytać o tym jak można zbudować komercyjne przedsięwzięcie na bazie otwartych zasobów i jaką rolę odgrywają w nim nie tylko klienci, ale również społeczność twórców i użytkowników.

3. Tymczasem wydawnictwo OpenStax, również tworzące otwarte podręczniki akademickie podsumowało 3 lata swojej działalności obliczeniem, że studentom którzy korzystają z jego oferty zaoszczędzili 30 milionów dolarów.

4. Jeśli interesuje Was jak uniwersytety i wydawnictwa obliczają takie oszczędności jak wspomniane wyżej OpenStax zajrzyjcie na blog Clinta Lalonde, któr opisuje jak dział na uczelni BC Campus, od dwóch lat realizującej program otwartych podręczników i materiałów do kursów.

5. David Willey pisze o wpływie aktualnie zachodzących zmian w edukacji (roli upowszechniającego się dostępu technologii i internetu, otwartości zasobów i praktyk edukacyjnych) na społeczeństwo, zwłaszcza poprzez radykalne obniżenie kosztu

6. Edukator Medialny skomentował bardzo szczegółowo nasz artykuł o otwartych podręcznikach w Gazecie Wyborczej, podkreślając szerszy kontekst pedagogiczny, kluczowy dla wprowadzenia skutecznej zmiany w edukacji.

Otwarta nauka

7. Paperity – multidyscyplinarny agregator czasopism i artykułów w otwartym dostępie (open access) publikowanych w modelu złotym lub hybrydowym.

8. Dzięki ICM UW dostępny jest polski przekład książki Petera Suber’a “Otwarty dostęp”. To już klasyczna pozycja będąca przewodnikiem po zagadnieniach otwartego dostępu do wyników badań i nauki.

9. Jutro (20.10) zaczyna się międzynarodowy tydzień otwartej nauki (Open Access Week), pierwsze wydarzenia już trwają, a listę nadchodzących możecie sprawdzić na uwolnijnauke.pl

Open Rubens

 

Otwarte zasoby

10. Jeśli znacie język niderlandzki lub jesteście w stanie poruszać się po stronie bez jego znajomości (np. z tłumaczem online) to polecamy Wam wirtualne archiwum prac Petera Paula Rubensa stworzone w ramach projektu Europeana Space, które udostępnia nie tylko prace ale również otwarte dane na temat obrazów i ich historii.

CC News: Let’s change the internet.

Creative Commons, October 16, 2014 10:21 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Stay up-to-date with CC by subscribing to our newsletter and following us on Twitter.

Let’s change the internet

“CC and its licenses are part of the infrastructure that powers the web we know and love. But building the licenses is just the first step; the next step is to use those licenses as a tool for change. All of us can work together to demonstrate the value of sharing to individuals, governments, policy-makers, institutions, and corporations, and to build a future in which everyone is more free to participate in society.”

Read CC board chair Paul Brest’s letter from our annual report.

Obama highlights open education
White House
CC BY (cropped)
 

In his address on open government at the United Nations, US President Barack Obama underscored the importance of open educational resources.

Our Digital Future
Our Digital Future
OpenMedia.ca / CC BY-NC-SA
(screengrab, cropped)

OpenMedia.ca’s Our Digital Future lays out a set of common-sense recommendations for restructuring copyright law in a way that benefits everyone.

Creative Commons Thing of the Day
Casey Fyfe / CC0
 

Your daily awesome from the internet. Check out the Creative Commons Thing of the Day.

SOO Tanzania launch
SOO Tanzania launch
CC Tanzania / CC BY (cropped)

The School of Open is taking off all over Africa. Find out what’s next and how to get involved.

School of Open Africa’s Launch and Future

Creative Commons, October 16, 2014 04:42 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

In September, the School of Open Africa launched with nine programs distributed across four jurisdictions: Kenya, Tanzania, Nigeria, and South Africa. Kayode from CC Nigeria announced in the launch in August, and now we want to give you an update on how the programs (some ongoing) and launch events fared! We also want to preview more events to take place during Open Access Week and tell you our plans for the future of School of Open in Africa.

School of Open Kenya

SOO Kenya popjam
SOO Kenya Popjam / Jamlab / CC BY-SA

Simeon from Jamlab says, “We hosted 20 girls from Precious Blood Secondary School, Riruta for the [launch] event. The goal was to work with these students to map out education as they currently experience it in their school and figure out how best to incorporate Open Education in their learning. For most of the afternoon, the emphasis on the workshop centered on figuring out how the students could incorporate Open Education in their learning. After a brief discussion, we mapped out learning and education activities as follows:

  • Lectures/Class instruction
  • Private study/prep
  • Group study
  • Revision of past examination papers
  • Student Symposiums

We asked them if we could add aspects of Open Education to this list. Very few of the students had heard about Open Education or understood its value at this point. We discussed Open Education in a little more detail: We explored the concept of the commons, copyright and copyleft and how the Creative Commons suite of licenses has enabled the Open Education movement globally.”

The future of SOO Kenya:

“One of the themes that stood out is getting school administrations and teachers to understand and make an investment in Open Education. This will be Jamlab’s focus in the coming year. While we work with administrators and teachers, we encouraged students to begin to demonstrate the value of Open Education by creating demand for it in the following ways: consume OER’s and integrate them in their learning, and pro-actively create and share OER’s with other students from other schools.”

School of Open Tanzania

SOO Tanzania
SOO Tanzania launch / CC Tanzania / CC BY

Paul from CC Tanzania says, “The program officially launched at Academic International Primary School (AIPS) in Dar es Salaam whereby 15 students from grades four to seven got the opportunity to learn how to code, designing animated picture (cartoons) by using open educational resources through the web.”

The future of SOO Tanzania:

“The event also marked the launch of three other training programs around ICT empowerment training for unemployed youth, teaching persons with disabilities how to use computers, and training educators on using ICT to improve how they teach their students in Tanzania that will be coordinated by CC Tanzania and the Open University of Tanzania.”

CC Tanzania will also highlight the importance of open access to research during Open Access Week in collaboration with the Tanzania Medical Students Association (TAMSA).

School of Open Nigeria

SOO Nigeria
SOO Nigeria Saturday training / K-Why / CC BY

Kayode from CC Nigeria says, “Creative Commons Nigeria with support from Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Linux Professional Institute (Nigerian Master Affiliate) and Mozilla Foundation hosted the School of Open. The School of Open is a five week open course that holds every Saturday between 11am till 4pm. The first week started on September 13th with participants been trained on the basics of Intellectual Property, Linux Operating System and using simple Mozilla tools to design websites.”

The future of SOO Nigeria:

The five-week programs wrapped over the weekend with a discussion on plans for sustaining the community. The next phase will be to take School of Open Nigeria online with the present participants acting as moderators. Meanwhile, people and institutions in two different states (Imo State and Obafemi Awolowo University, Osun State) have requested that Creative Commons Nigeria come replicate School of Open in their societies. The aim of School of Open Nigeria will be to have an online learning place where people can go to learn at any time without any cost or time restrictions.

School of Open South Africa

Kumusha bus
Kumusha Bus / WikiAfrica / CC BY-SA

Kelsey from CC South Africa says they already ran their School of Open CC4Kids course as part of Code4CT’s Maker Party back in July, and since then have been planning the next phase of Kumusha Bus, aka Kumusha Bus 2.0, which is “a remix of Libre Bus and designed to ensure collaboration with local members of the open community to have a week of Open Movement chaos and fun that spreads the ideas behind the movement and gets more people and organisations involved in your country.” Kumusha Bus is a collaboration of WikiAfrica, Creative Commons, and School of Open.

The future of SOO South Africa:
Kelsey & co are planning to expand CC4Kids into a full course pack designed to teach kids about Wikipedia, open journalism, open data, and open/citizen science. As part of this expansion, a session will be run at the upcoming Mozilla Festival called “OpenMe – Kids Can Open”.

More about the future

School of Open Africa is hosting another event next week, 22 October, to launch its entrance into the higher education space. Four courses will be developed in collaboration with the C4DLab, the University of Nairobi’s innovation hub, and will be licensed CC BY. The project is a response to ICT playing a critical role in expanding the knowledge economy of Africa; the OER will be developed by and for Africans; and the hope is to replicate the process in other universities. In addition, certificates will be awarded to participants of CC Kenya’s CopyrightX satellite from earlier this year, a panel discussion on OER will be featured, and SOO Kenya will present its work to date. The event and C4DLab OER project is made possible with technical support from UNESCO and generous support from the Hewlett Foundation. Stay tuned for a more detailed announcement of this event next week!

At its core, School of Open is about equipping communities with the tools to help them do what they already do better. Creative Commons licenses and the open resources they enable empowers users around the world to, as Simeon of SOO Kenya says, “build on what we already know.” He says,

I think one thing we often forget to highlight when it comes to education is how we learn… We learn by building on what we already know. We believe Open Education is one sure way of building on what we already know to advance ourselves.

We are seeking to expand School of Open to other regions, in and beyond Africa. The upcoming Mozilla Festival will feature a session on mapping School of Open programs from around the world and hone in on areas with maximum potential for impact — where we can “train the trainers” or otherwise empower student and educator communities to start up programs for themselves. Find out how you can get involved!


About the School of Open

SOO-logo-100x100

The School of Open is a global community of volunteers that provides free education opportunities on the meaning, application, and impact of “openness” in the digital age and its benefit to creative endeavors, education, and research. Volunteers develop and run courses, workshops, and training programs on topics such as Creative Commons licenses, open educational resources, and sharing creative works. The School of Open is coordinated by Creative Commons and P2PU, a nonprofit that builds and supports learning communities on the web.

大家都說 : 不要新的授權條款!

CC Taiwan, October 16, 2014 01:07 PM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

公眾授權迷人之處在於它具有簡易操作以及相容性的特性,而creative commons的CC授權條款被廣泛地認為是出版界在開放近用(open access)方面的授權標準,然近日一個主流的行業組織發布了一套新的授權方式並敦促其會員採用之。我們認為新的授權條款會增加不必要的複雜並與既有的授權方式產生摩擦,最終對於開放近用運動造成的傷害可能遠大於其能給予的幫助。

今年8月初時,COMMUNIA以及來自世界各地57個組織發表了一封聯名信要求國際科學、技術和醫學出版商協會(International Association of Scientific, Technical and Medical Publishers,簡稱STM)撤回他所發布的開放近用授權模式。STM 協會創造此一授權條款用以促進科學、技術、醫學領域研究的共享,然而,該授權模式卻是混亂、多於且與其他公眾授權條款不相容。除了另外發展一套新的授權條款,聯名書的簽署方呼籲STM協會應建議其下的作者使用現有的選擇,並認為如此方能真正促進實現STM協會的中心使命,亦即確保學術研究的利益能被確實、廣泛的使用。

Open Access Week 2014

CC Netherlands, October 16, 2014 01:04 PM   License: Naamsvermelding 3.0 Nederland

Tussen 20 en 26 october is het weer Open Access Week. Het thema dit jaar is ‘Generation Open’ waarbij er extra aandacht gegeven wordt aan studenten en jonge onderzoekers die de kans hebben hun carrière te beginnen met de principes van open. Er worden wereldwijd evenementen georganiseerd om toegang tot wetenschappelijke publicaties te vieren, zo ook in Nederland. De TU Delft organiseert bijvoorbeeld een lunch seminar op 22 oktober over wat Open Access is, hoe het werkt en wat de Creative Commons-licenties zijn.

Open Access Week header 2

Afbeelding CC BY door Open Access Week.

Open Access is een beweging waarbij de gedachte is dat er universele toegang moet zijn tot wetenschappelijke publicaties om zo de verspreiding van kennis, cultuur en onderzoek te bevorderen. Er zijn al veel online tijdschriften (Open Access Journals) die gratis toegang tot de publicaties verschaffen. Deze zijn vaak ook open gelicenseerd met een Creative Commons-licentie. Je kunt de tijdschriften vrijwel allemaal doorzoeken met de Directory of Open Access Journals.

We wensen iedereen een fijne Open Access Week!

Kiwis need Open Access to publicly funded research

CC New Zealand, October 16, 2014 03:08 AM   License: Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ is calling for all New Zealanders to have Open Access to publicly funded research.

Matt McGregor of Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ says: “From the point of view of the general public, the current system of scholarly publishing is broken. Taxpayers can end up paying for published research three times over: funding the research; employing the researcher; and buying access for a limited number of students and researchers to read the final publication. The public, despite this investment, generally receives no access whatsoever.”

This means that the social, cultural and economic benefits of taxpayer-funded research — including new research, innovative products, better public policy and a well-informed citizenry — are not fully realised.

“Hundreds of universities and research funders around the world have adopted Open Access policies. It’s great to see universities like Lincoln, Canterbury and Waikato leading the way in New Zealand on this front,” says McGregor.

“It would be of enormous benefit to New Zealand for the rest of the research sector to follow in their footsteps, and adopt Open Access mandates. This will enable everyone — including teachers, students, journalists and businesses — to have access to the research that we all pay for.”

Fabiana Kubke, neuroscientist, Senior Lecturer at the University of Auckland and Chair of the Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ Advisory Panel, says:

“We put a man on the moon about half a century ago yet we still haven’t solved the problem of access to research. The more broadly we disseminate our findings, the more likely we are to achieve the goals set out by the NZ Education Act: to maintain, advance, and assist in the application of knowledge, to develop intellectual independence, and to promote community learning.

“These goals can be best met by making the research outputs available under Open Access and, equally importantly, allowing re-use. Creative Commons licences enable this to happen.”

Kiwi academics are starting to embrace the possibilities inherent in Open Access, but their efforts will need to be supported by mandates from research organisations and funding bodies. Chris Whelan, Executive Director of Universities NZ, says:

“We support Open Access policies across the tertiary sector. At present, published research is hugely expensive for public universities to access, and is largely inaccessible to the wider public. These costs have risen enormously over the last two decades, and we have not seen a reciprocal increase in benefits to either the university sector or the public.

“The existing paywalls to scholarship slow down the pace of discovery and prevent the benefits of university scholarship from being fully realised. Given the substantial public investment in research, Open Access policies should be adopted across the research sector, to ensure that New Zealanders have access to the research they fund.

“This will put New Zealand in line with universities and research funders overseas, and enable universities to more effectively share the fruits of their research.”

For Open Access Week 2014 (20-26 October), we celebrate the three NZ universities — Lincoln, Canterbury and Waikato — that have Open Access policies. Aotearoa also has a world-leading Open Access and licensing mandate for public sector data and information, dubbed NZGOAL, which was approved by Cabinet in 2010.

Now, Creative Commons Aotearoa NZ is calling for all publicly funded research in New Zealand to be Open Access.

Creative Commons named Knight Prototype Fund recipient

Creative Commons, October 15, 2014 09:54 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Today, the Knight Foundation announced the selected recipients of its latest Prototype Fund. We’re very proud to be among them, with a new project that probably sounds a bit outside of our normal work to those familiar with CC. Here’s why we’re doing it:

When I joined as CEO, I was tasked with imagining the next phase of Creative Commons. Now that we have the licenses, what do we want to do with them? How do we build a wide-reaching commons of creativity and knowledge, with easy contribution, use, and re-use? After talking with dozens of partners, funders, our global affiliate network, and our staff, I think it boils down to three areas: building a movement, driving content into the commons, and helping creators get content out.

Today’s announcement from Knight works in the first and second categories: pushing content into the commons, while engaging a new group of contributors. We will create a mobile app to encourage people to take photos and share them from a list of “most wanted” images. Organizations and individuals will put out the call, and users will be prompted to respond – including (eventually for those who want them) with geo-tagged notifications (“Ryan, we see you’re at the Mozilla Festival. Would you grab a photo of coders hacking the Web?”). All images will be uploaded to a public repository and licensed under CC BY, so anyone can use them. Creators will see their work used more widely, and maybe even “compete” to take the best photo. Internally, we’re calling it “The List, powered by Creative Commons.”

CC tech lead Matt Lee is working with the talented folks in Toronto’s Playground Inc. to create the prototype, and we will be testing our assumptions over the coming months. Everything will be done in the open – we’ll be at the Mozilla Festival in London, UK, later this month sharing our initial work and gathering ideas.

This is new ground for us, but we’re excited about the potential – for better stock photography, better photos on Wikipedia, better citizen journalism, and a wider pool of contributors who have helped to build the commons. Lots more to come, but we’re grateful for Knight’s support and guidance.

Guest Post: Boundless Invites You to Write the Future of Education

Creative Commons, October 15, 2014 08:42 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

The following is a guest post by Ariel Diaz, Founder and CEO of Boundless, a platform for the creation of open textbooks that are community-built and CC BY-SA-licensed.


boundless concept
Boundless / CC BY-SA

By empowering a dedicated community of contributors in open resources, Creative Commons has given education a strong foundation for creating and sharing content. Beyond the broadly touted affordability and accessibility benefits of open resources, the flexibility these resources offer makes them practical for students and educators everywhere. Now, Boundless is leveraging the power of these open resources and the community to write the future of educational content — and we invite you to join us!

Universal access to education is a right

The wealth of Creative Commons licensed content is core to our efforts at Boundless to make access to high-quality educational content a universal right. All of our content is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 license — which gives us a great combination of openness and flexibility, and assures that derivative works stay in the Commons so others can benefit.

Boundless offers content in more than 20 introductory-level college subjects for free on our website and mobile app. Using the CC BY-SA license on our content means an educator can use an article about Long-Term Memory, for example, as content in their classroom and adapt it for their syllabus. Students will save money by using open resources, and educators can share their customized version of that content with the greater Boundless community for further re-use.

principles of microeconomics
Boundless / CC BY-SA

Open content succeeds because of a powerful community

We’re seeing a transition in educational publishing from physical to digital. This transition has been slowed by a conservative industry and lack of great products, but we’re now in a time where entrepreneurs, educators, and more are challenging the status quo to create better teaching and learning opportunities. This gives us an opportunity to create communities of learners, educators, and content creators to build a better, more effective learning experience powered by open content.

I believe that open content succeeds because of its powerful community. The educators, researchers, and more who are motivated to share their work with others keep the flow of education materials moving to benefit their teaching and learning communities. The power of this community means we can challenge the status quo in education — and no longer tolerate static, expensive resources.

Over the past three years, the team at Boundless has worked with an internal community of hundreds of subject matter experts to create and curate open resources for our library of 21 subjects. This foundational content has served more than 3 million students and educators.

We’re committed to not only providing universal access to this content, but also building a collaborative, powerful community to create more content. That’s why I’m proud to share that we’ve brought on one of community education’s biggest advocates as a new Boundless advisor: SJ Klein, a veteran Wikipedian. SJ says,

“Tapping the minds of the teaching community brings great power to educational content. I look forward to working with Boundless as its community grows, not just to create more freely-licensed material, but to provide greater access to it, and make it personalizable.”

SJ is helping us grow and hone our cloud-powered community — so Boundless can do to textbooks what Wikipedia did for encyclopedias.

Write the future of education

For the first time, Boundless is opening up our platform to empower a community of educators and open resource supporters to create, improve, and share educational content. And we’re inviting Creative Commons supporters to help us write the future of education.

The new Boundless cloud-powered community allows for collaboration across disciplines, so contributors can create, edit, and customize content. All content created or customized uses a Creative Commons license (CC BY-SA) to ensure a greater distribution across platforms — making universal access to education a right, not a privilege.

Be part of the future of education by joining our community!

CC gegen CC: Auftragskomponisten gegen Creative Commons in der ARD

Markus Beckedahl, October 15, 2014 07:51 PM   License: Namensnennung-Nicht-kommerziell-Weitergabe unter gleichen Bedingungen 2.0 Deutschland

Wenn es eine Konstante in der deutschen Urheberrechtsdebatte gibt, dann sind es offene Briefe. Das jüngste Exemplar steuert jetzt der CC Composers Club e. V., Berufsverband der Auftragskomponisten in Deutschland bei, in dem den ersten vorsichtigen Schritten des öffentlich-rechtlichen Runfunks in Richtung Creative Commons (CC) mit einem Rundumschlag in epischer Länge begegnet wird.

Bild: cc.d-64.org, CC-BY 3.0 Deutschland

Bild: Nico Roicke für D64, cc.d-64.org, CC-BY 3.0 Deutschland

Anlass für den “Offenen Brief an die Intendanten der ARD-Sender” des Composers Clubs war die Veröffentlichung eines internen Berichts (PDF) der Arbeitsgruppe Creative Commons in der ARD, die ich für irights.info besprechen durfte. Dieser Bericht leitet die Forderung nach einer verstärkten Nutzung von CC-Lizenzen unmittelbar aus dem öffentlich-rechtlichen Auftrag der ARD ab und setzt sich in differenzierter Art und Weise mit Potentialen und Herausforderungen auseinander. Die Handlungsempfehlungen des Berichts sind sehr zurückhaltend und laufen darauf hinaus, dass die Redaktionen prüfen sollen, welche ihrer Inhalte unkompliziert unter einer CC-Lizenz veröffentlicht werden könnten bzw. wie das in Zukunft erleichtert werden könnte.

Mit seinem offenen Brief schlägt der Auftragskomponistenverband deshalb jetzt Alarm, kritisiert die mit Creative Commons partiell mögliche Umgehung von Depublizierungspflichten und warnt davor, “die Creative-Commons-Lizenzierung als Standard für die Verwendung von zu lizenzierendem (nicht intern hergestelltem) Material sowie von Auftragswerken” zu verwenden, was “nicht nur schädlich für die Urheber” sei, sondern würde “auch die Legitimation der öffentlich-rechtlichen Sender gefährden, da sie zu einer lizenzbedingten Verengung des Repertoires sowie des Pools an zur Verfügung stehenden Autoren führen würde.” Das Problem ist nur, dass sich diese Forderung nirgends in dem ARD-Papier findet.

In der Folge listet der Brief offensichtlich ungekürzt die Ergebnisse eines Brainstormings zum Thema warum Creative Commons böse ist. Demnach arbeiteten die “öffentlich-rechtlichen Sender […] letztlich an ihrer eigenen Abschaffung, wenn sie primär auf kommerzielle Fremdplattformen (Youtube, Facebook etc.) für die digitale Verbreitung ihrer Inhalte” setzen. Gleich im nächsten Punkt wird dann aber betont, dass die im Bericht empfohlene, restriktive CC-Lizenz gar nicht mit diesen Plattformen kompatibel wäre (was einerseits widersprüchlich und andererseits juristisch keineswegs eindeutig ist.)

Die VerfasserInnen des Briefs wittern “das Ziel eines Vergütungs-Dumpings bei Kreativschaffenden”, befürchten eine “enorme” Förderung von “Drittanbieter-Plattformen sowie Suchdienste, die zur Monopolisierung und globalen Machtausweitung neigen” (wer damit wohl gemeint sein könnte?) und fordern, dass der öffentlich-rechtliche Rundfunk “nicht verführt oder gezwungen sein [sollte], sich durch Lizenzrestriktionen zu beschränken” (wer verführt oder zwingt hier? Oder ist damit der zwanglose Zwang des besseren Arguments gemeint?).

In dem Brief finden sich aber auch plumpe Unwahrheiten wie die folgende:

Das deutsche Urheberrecht sieht gemäß §32 eine angemessene Vergütung der Urheber für die Nutzung ihrer Werke vor. Creative Commons ist damit nicht kompatibel und somit nicht rechtssicher. Selbst wenn die Sender ihrerseits angemessene Nutzungsvergütungen weiterhin zahlten, würden Urheber um wichtige Erlöse aus Drittverwertungen beschnitten.

Dass Creative Commons mit einer “angemessenen Vergütung” nicht kompatibel ist, ist einfach falsch. Die Angemessenheit ist im Einzelfall zu beurteilen. Warum sollte es nicht möglich sein, die Einräumung von Nutzungsrechten im Rahmen von Creative Commons angemessen zu vergüten? Inwieweit Erlöse aus Drittverwertungen beschnitten werden, hängt einerseits vom konkreten Werk und andererseits von der Vertragsgestaltung ab. Wieder eine völlig andere Frage ist die ebenfalls angesprochene Nutzung von Creative Commons durch öffentlich-rechtliche Sender selbst (vgl. dazu: “Urteil des LG Köln zu Creative Commons im öffentlich-rechtlichen Rundfunk“).

Nicht fehlen dürfen in dem Brief natürlich auch Warnungen vor dem “bürokratisch aufwändige[n] Handling der Lizenzen” sowie davor, dass Creative Commons “zu Lasten der Qualität” ginge. Schön auch juristisch völlig unfundierte Passagen wie jene, dass “Creative Commons Lizenzen aus all den genannten Gründen im vielfältigen Sendealltag niemals rechtssicher sind”.

Den Abschluss des Briefs bildet schließlich das klassische Argument von Urheberrechtshardlinern: wer nicht unserer Meinung ist, den haben bestimmt “Internet-Konzerne” gekauft. Genau mit solchen Vorwürfen wird irights.info konfrontiert, wo der Bericht der ARD-Arbeitsgruppe erstmals veröffentlicht wurde:

Es ist hinreichend bekannt, dass iRights.info auf breiter Front Lobbyarbeit für Creative Commons und somit die Profiteure dieses Lizenzmodells in der Netzwirtschaft leistet, jedoch bleibt dabei weitgehend intransparent, wer die Geldgeber hinter der Plattform sind. Es besteht der Verdacht, dass hier im Namen einer verbraucherorientierten Einflussnahme auf die Politik (entsprechend dem im ARD-Papier genannten „Public Value“) letztlich Lobbyarbeit der Internet-Konzerne stattfindet und daher die Creative-Commons-Lizenzierung von Inhalten entsprechend der Maßgaben von Internetkonzernen als vermeintlich beste Lösung des öffentlich-rechtlichen Dilemmas propagiert wird.

Wer für Verbraucherinteressen im Internet eintritt macht dieser Logik zu Folge also “Lobbyarbeit der Internet-Konzerne”. Ich vermute einmal, das Creative-Commons-lizenzierte Angebot des Internet-Konzerns Wikimedia Foundation ist auf den Rechnern des Composers Club gesperrt bzw. wird tunlichst gemieden.

Fazit

In einem Punkt haben die Briefschreiber des Composers Club Recht: CC-Lizenzen dürfen nicht zu Vergütungs-Dumping genutzt werden. Statt diesbezüglich eine Klarstellung einzufordern, ergeht sich das Schreiben aber in einer endlosen Liste an Halb- und Unwahrheiten. Wie sonst auch von Seiten der Urheberrechtslobby wird mit Vorliebe gegen Forderungen argumentiert, die niemand erhoben hat.

Funfact: Der CC e. V. wurde laut Wikipedia 1989 als Commercial Composers Club (CCC) e. V. gegründet. Irgendwie haben die kein Glück mit ihren Abkürzungen.

Our Digital Future: New report and agenda for copyright reform

Creative Commons, October 15, 2014 04:46 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Our Digital Future
Our Digital Future / OpenMedia.ca / CC BY-NC-SA

OpenMedia.ca just released Our Digital Future: A Crowdsourced Agenda for Free Expression. OpenMedia developed the publication through consultations and surveys with many organizations that care about free expression on the internet. It’s organized around three principles: Respect Creators, Prioritize Free Expression, and Embrace Democratic Processes.

OpenMedia’s report makes a clear and compelling case for a better copyright framework – one that is authored by all of us, developed in the open, and for the benefit of everyone. Too often, monied interests and secret negotiations work against the commons, and we all lose out as a result. We look forward to working alongside OpenMedia to make its thoughtful recommendations a reality, and we hope that this report inspires many more to join us.

一起來做動態圖(GIF IT UP 全球徵件)

CC Taiwan, October 15, 2014 08:08 AM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

什麼是動態圖,就是用俗稱的GIF檔交疊,讓圖像產生動態效果。

GIF IT UP是由The Digital Public Library of AmericaDigitalNZ聯合舉辦的全球徵件活動。這個公眾領域的慶祝活動,已於本週一正式起跑!

State Library of Queensland makes thousands of images available for free download

CC Australia, October 15, 2014 03:23 AM   License: Attribution-ShareAlike 2.1 Australia

The State Library of Queensland has opened up free access to 60 000 high-resolution out-of-copyright and Creative Commons licencsed photographs.

The high-resolution TIFF images, which can be downloaded from the SLQ catalogue, contain a range of historic and contemporary images of Queensland people, places and events.

“We believe wholeheartedly in making our content available to all so we’re delighted to offer this new service.” State Librarian Janette Wright said in a press release.

“All we ask is that you credit or attribute the images appropriately. Those images made available under a Creative Commons licence should be credited by identifying State Library, the creator, the title, and the licence the work is under. Out-of-copyright images can simply be credited to State Library of Queensland.”

Previously, customers had to order copies of the photographs, with delivery taking up to five working days.

The images can be obtained through the library catalogue at http://www.slq.qld.gov.au/home. Once you find an image you would like to use, select display item on the right hand side and click on the download icon on the top left.

Post by Natalie Cameron and Jessica Price

Gardens Point in Brisbane, ca. 1870. Image courtesy of State Library of Queensland.  Link to digital item: http://hdl.handle.net/10462/deriv/110535

Gardens Point in Brisbane, ca. 1870. Image courtesy of State Library of Queensland.

創用CC影展--政大場 就在今晚!

CC Taiwan, October 14, 2014 05:17 AM   License: 姓名標示-相同方式分享 3.0 台灣

今晚除了會一起看這部去年剛出爐的紀錄片The Internet's Own Boy: The Story of Aaron Swartz 外,這次也邀請到音樂創作人林強先生,以及StreetVoice 網路部副總經理吳柏蒼先生分享他們對於自由文化的觀點。

Open Access Week 2014

CC New Zealand, October 13, 2014 08:43 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

header_865x180

Announcements and Week-Long Activities

University of Canterbury and Lincoln University
Video Release
In a joint initiative with Lincoln University , the University of Canterbury will be launching 6 short videos each with a different researcher explaining how their research has benefited from being open access. They will be showcased on the main Library webpage.

University of Canterbury
Mandatory Deposit OA Policy
The University’s policy of Mandatory Deposit in the UC Research Repository will come into effect from 20 October 2014, which is aimed at increasing the visibility, impact and accessibility of UC research.

University of Canterbury
Open Access Classics
UC Library is also aiming to make verse translations of Aeschylus’ Oresteia Trilogy and the seven Tragedies of Sophocles by UC scholar Robin Bond from the Department of Classics available for the first time. They will have a CC-BY licence, letting them be used as open textbooks, for performance, or any other purpose. We aim to publish these plays over the coming year with the first one being made available in Open Access Week

University of Auckland
Uploadathon
The university library is organising an “Uploadathon” – a series of workshops in which the library will help academics upload manuscripts to the University Repository and answer any concerns they may have around the process.

Monday 20 October

University of Otago
Whither and thither OA? Taking the bearings of open access journal publishing
Come along to hear where OA scholarly publishing currently stands and where it might be headed.
Melanie Remy, Justin Farquhar, Christy Ballard
You can attend in person — Library Cen 3, Information Services Building — or watch live (see help for using Connect).

Tuesday 21 October

University of Canterbury
Open Acess and the Changing Nature of Scholarly Publishing
Peter Lund and Anton Angelo from UC Library will explain some of the changes taking place in scholarly publishing and how open access is being adopted at the University of Canterbury, both through the UC Research Repository and by researchers publishing in open access journals. This 50 minute session will be held in Puaka James Hight room 210 at 11am.

Auckland University of Technology
Open Access Essentials at AUT
This presentation covers the essentials of Open Access practice at AUT and a demonstration of uploading research outputs into Scholarly Commons and depositing a thesis.

Wednesday 22 October

Auckland University of Technology
Open Access Essentials at AUT
This presentation covers the essentials of Open Access practice at AUT and a demonstration of uploading research outputs into Scholarly Commons and depositing a thesis.

Auckland University of Technology
Open Access and Creative Commons Licensing
An introduction to open access and Creative Commons licensing by Matt McGregor, Public Lead of Creative Commons Aotearoa New Zealand.

Thursday 23 October

University of Otago
The Media Text Hack & Open Educational Resources
Does your text book meet your needs? Find a new one that’s open and free to adapt. Better yet: write your own new text in a weekend!
Simon Hart, Sarah Gallagher, Richard White
You can attend in person — at Library Cen 3, Information Services Building — or watch live (see help for using Connect)

Auckland University of Technology
“Open Access Essentials at AUT”
This presentation covers the essentials of Open Access practice at AUT and a demonstration of uploading research outputs into Scholarly Commons and depositing a thesis.

Massey University
Open Access Week Panel Discussion
Come along to an Open Access from the horse’s mouth panel discussion to mark the week. The speakers will present their personal experiences of Open Access in relation to their academic and research lives.

Further reading

Read about why we believe all Kiwis should have access to publicly funded research, and why Open Access is good for Kiwi businesses.

Kiwi novel published under Creative Commons

CC New Zealand, October 13, 2014 01:40 AM   License: Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

Author Thomasin Sleigh has published her debut novel, Ad Lib, under Creative Commons BY-NC-SA 4.0 licence, with the publishing collective Lawrence and Gibson.

Thomasin’s work at Digital NZ to open up Aotearoa’s cultural treasures for sharing and reuse has informed her decision to license her own work under CC. “Publishing Ad Lib under a Creative Commons licence was very much an ideological decision. I am an advocate for unlocking cultural resources and, even though my book is published in paper format at the moment, and so is relatively difficult to copy compared to an ebook, I wanted to contribute to the creative commons.”

Thomasin has chosen a licence that gives people advance permission to use her work in their own creations, as long as they attribute her and don’t make money from it. “Because I don’t write fiction for a living, I have the freedom to release my work in a way that might be more difficult for professional novelists.” She is also concerned with future-proofing. “The media landscape is only going to change, and keep changing ever more rapidly. I don’t want there to be any confusion in the future about how my work is to be treated.” Fundamentally, Thomasin sees potential reuse as a compliment, not a threat: “if anyone wanted to use or copy from Ad Lib, I would be genuinely flattered.”

Publishing a paper book under a CC licence is relatively unusual, and Thomasin was lucky to be published by Lawrence and Gibson, a Wellington-based publishing collective that is open to new and experimental ways of doing things. The cover for Ad Lib was designed by Berlin-based illustrator Judith Carnaby, who licenses her work under CC BY-SA.

 

Ad Lib book cover

Book cover of Ad Lib by Thomasin Sleigh; designed by Judith Carnaby; licensed CC BY-SA

 

The printing for Ad Lib was done by hand at Rebel Press, an anarchist publishing collective that also offers printing services. Thomasin says that the print irregularities resulting from this handmade process are “love letters from me to the reader”.

 

Ad Lib during the printing process; licensed CC BY-SA

Ad Lib during the printing process; licensed CC BY-SA

 

If Ad Lib were to be published as an ebook in the future, Thomasin says she would definitely license it BY-NC-SA as well. As well as opening up her own work, Thomasin’s licensing decision has exposed publishers at Lawrence and Gibson to the possibilities of book publishing with Creative Commons, so watch this space.

Thomasin is the Community Manager at Digital NZ, a search and data service, which seeks to make Aotearoa’s digital treasures easy to find, share, and use. On the international stage, Thomasin is a member of the OpenGLAM Working Group, a global network of people who work to open up cultural data and content in the GLAM sector (galleries, libraries, archives and museums). Thomasin has an MA in art history and a background in writing contemporary art criticism.

Przegląd linków CC #152

CC Poland, October 12, 2014 04:40 PM   License: Uznanie autorstwa 2.5 Polska

Pokojową Nagrodę Nobla otrzymała w tym roku walcząca o prawa kobiet do edukacji Malala Yousafzay (dzieli nagrodę z Kailash’em Satyarthi’m). Choć jej kampanie nie dotyczą takich aspektów jak prawa autorskie czy dostępność technologii, warto zajmując się nimi pamiętać, że nadal istnieją znacznie poważniejsze nierówności i ograniczenia dla równego dostępu każdego człowieka do edukacji i wiedzy.

Otwarta edukacja

1. Nieskromnie pochwalimy się artykułem autorstwa dwóch koordynatorów CC Polska w piątkowej Gazecie Wyborczej na temat problemów z otwartością Naszego Elementarza oraz jego relacją z programem Cyfrowa Szkoła.

2. Tymczasem już za kilka dni (16.10) w Centrum Nauki Kopernik odbędzie się premiera interaktywnej wersji e-podręcznika dla klas 1-3 powstałego w ramach programu Cyfrowa Szkoła. Bardzo jesteśmy ciekawy jak oba publicznie sfinansowane i otwarte, ale zupełnie inaczej tworzone, podręczniki poradzą sobie w szkołach i jak wykorzystają je nauczyciele.

Desktop

3. W Nowej Zelandii, gdzie prawa do treści tworzonych przez nauczycielki i nauczycieli należą do szkół, już 150 z nich stworzyło własne polityki, które pozwalają im na publikacje zasobów edukacyjnych na wolnych licencjach.

4. Jeśli chcemy aby otwarte zasoby edukacyjne stały się normą w edukacji musimy sprawić by Ci którzy ich używają robili to świadomie i wiedzieli dokładnie jakie płyną z tego dla nich korzyści. Pisze na swoim blogu dyrektor programu edukacyjnego w Hewlett Foundation TJ Bliss.

5. Uniwersytet miejski Nowego Jorku (CUNY) oferuje swoim pracownikom specjalne kursy (za które można otrzymać dofinansowanie) na temat otwartych zasobów edukacyjnych i otwartych podręczników. Uniwersytet liczy na to, że dzięki temu będzie skuteczniej wdrażał OZE do pracy wykładowców i autorów. Zazdrościmy.

Otwarta nauka

6. Ciekawa dyskusja na temat przyszłości ruchu Open Access odbywa się na linii Wall Street Journal i raportu sporządzonego dla wydawnictwa Elseveir oraz blogach London School of EconomicsOpen Science. Analityk WSJ przepowiada osłabienie Open Access w wyniku braku silnych liderów oraz skupienia się na jasnym i silnym przekazie. Czy jednak OA naprawdę musi podążać tradycyjną drogą do sukcesu czy może zastosować inną strategię?

7. Komitet Nagrody Nobla w tym roku zaprosił do współpracy norweskich wikipedystów, aby w czasie ogłaszania nagród, w pokoju obok na żywo edytować i rozbudowywać artykuły o tegorocznych zwycięzcach i zwyciężczyniach.

Otwarte zasoby

8. Jeśli szukasz porad dotyczących używania zdjęć na licencjach Creative Commons na swoim blogu na WordPress’ie to tutaj znajdziesz trochę porad.

Prawo

9. Ogłoszono Open Definition w wersji 2.0, standard otwartości służący ocenie licencji oraz projektów otwartych zasobów czy danych, które chcą być dostępne w sposób otwarty i wolny. Nowa wersja została uproszczona językowo oraz zawiera wyraźne rozgraniczenie między dostępnością na otwartej licencji, otwartemu i nieograniczonemu dostępowi do zasobu czy danych oraz dostępności w otwartym formacie. Dopiero spełnienie tych trzech wartości daje zgodność z Open Definition. W nowej wersji łatwiej również sprawdzić kompatybilność licencji z definicją.

Nieuwe versie Open Definition gelanceerd

CC Netherlands, October 10, 2014 12:45 PM   License: Naamsvermelding 3.0 Nederland

Eerder deze week is de 2.0 versie van de Open Definition bekend gemaakt. Deze definitie wordt als standaard gebruikt om aan te geven of iets (een werk) aan de juridische standaarden voldoet om open te kunnen noemen. Dit kan gaan over data, culturele objecten of alle andere werken die auteursrechtelijk beschermd zijn.De nieuwe versie luidt:

“Open means anyone can freely access, use, modify, and share for any purpose (subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness).”

Approved

De 2.0 definitie is gebaseerd op drie duidelijke principes: het werk moet beschikbaar zijn onder een open licentie (1), het werk moet helemaal beschikbaar zijn met hooguit eenmalige repoductiekosten als concessie en bij voorkeur online beschikbaar (2).  Ten slotte moet het werk moet beschikbaar zijn in een open formaat (3), dit wil zeggen dat het makkelijke aan te passen moet zijn zonder ingewikkelde onnodige technologische obstakels. Wanneer deze drie elementen aanwezig zijn kun je een werk volgens de Open Definition echt open noemen. Meer hierover lees je in de aankondiging van de Open Definition-Adviesraad.

Er zijn twee Creative Commons-licenties die open genoeg zijn om aan de definitie te voldoen, namelijk de CC BY (waarbij alleen naamsvermelding noodzakelijk is) en CC BY-SA (waarbij je naast naamsvermelding ook afgeleide werken onder CC BY-SA moet delen. Ook CC0 (waarbij de rechthebbende alle rechten voor zover mogelijk opgeeft) en de Publiek Domein Mark voldoen aan de eisen van de Open Definition.

Muziekplatform ccMixter lanceert crowdfundingcampagne

CC Netherlands, October 10, 2014 11:45 AM   License: Naamsvermelding 3.0 Nederland

ccMixter stelt dat muziek beter wordt door samen te werken met andere artiesten, geïnspireerd te worden door ander werk en door je muziek terug te horen in een stijl die je zelf niet bedacht zou hebben. Alle muziek die mensen uploaden op het platform is gelicenseerd onder een Creative Commons-licentie, die dit legaal mogelijk maakt.

De muziek is natuurlijk niet alleen te gebruiken door andere artiesten, iedereen kan de muziek gebruiken in een filmpje, als muziek in een café of in een reclame, afhankelijk van de gekozen licentie.

Het platform wordt al 5 jaar gerund door vrijwilligers, en wil nu de volgende stap maken door de website te upgraden en iemand in te huren om te helpen met de administratie. Daarom hebben ze een crowdfundingcampagne gelanceerd op IndieGoGo.

We wensen ccMixter veel succes met de campagne!

Wydawnictwo Liberi Libri

CC Poland, October 09, 2014 08:11 PM   License: Uznanie autorstwa 2.5 Polska

Wydawnictwo Liberi Libri, prowadzone przez działające na rzecz rozwoju nauki Stowarzyszenie Filomatów, oferuje bezpłatny dostęp do publikacji naukowych z rozmaitych dziedzin. Publikacje zamieszczone są na wolnych licencjach CC-BY i dostępne do pobrania w formacie PDF.

Wydawnictwo Liberi Libri działa poza obiegiem papierowym. Publikacja drukowana jest jedynie w 30 egzemplarzach, z czego 17 przekazywanych jest państwowym bibliotekom, pozostałe zaś otrzymuje autor. Książki są powszechnie dostępne w formie elektronicznej na stronie Liberi Libri oraz platformie Google Books.

Specyfika publikacji naukowych, w przeciwieństwie do innych rodzajów publikacji (np. beletrystycznych), polega na tym, że są one adresowane do na tyle wąskiego grona osób, że niezwykle rzadko sprzedaż egzemplarzy takich publikacji przynosi jakiekolwiek dochody ich autorom. Naukowcy czerpią korzyści przede wszystkim z tego, że owoce ich pracy są rozpoznawane w środowisku naukowym i cytowane. Dlatego koszty publikacji ponosi zazwyczaj autor (bądź instytucja sponsorująca jego badania). W tradycyjnym obiegu koszty te są wysokie, obejmują bowiem dystrybucję papierowych egzemplarzy do księgarń.

W internetowym modelu open access, takim jak wydawnictwo Liberi Libri, koszty dystrybuji odpadają, ponieważ publikacja dostępna jest w formie elektronicznej. Jej rozpoznawalność zagwarantowana jest natomiast przez bezpłatny dostęp i możliwość dalszego przetwarzania zgodnie z licencją CC-BY, ważną z punktu widzenia innych naukowców i innych wydawnictw.

Rzetelność publikacji w Liberi Libri jest zapewniona poprzez system recenzji: każda książka publikowana jest wraz z dwiema imiennymi recenzjami innych naukowców (w stopniu co najmniej doktora habilitowanego), których wskazuje autor.  Książka wydana w Liberi Libri posiada także numer ISBN nadany przez Bibliotekę Narodową (nie różni się pod tym względem od publikacji wydanych w tradycyjnym obiegu), a jeśli jest to monografia, to zgodnie z regulacją Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego, autor otrzymuje za nią 20 punktów.

 

Grafika: screen z filmu autorstwa Redakcji Liberi Libri promującego ideę Liberi Libri, dostępnego na licencji Creative Commons-Uznanie Autorstwa

2014知识共享国际会议和亚太地区会议在首尔顺利召开

CC China Mainland, October 09, 2014 05:52 PM   License: 署名 2.5 中国大陆

当下是分享的时代,整个地球都是相互联系着的,技术革新所带来的共享与联系的力量正将我们所处的世界变得更加美好。自2008年开始,知识共享亚太地区会议每两年举行一次,是各司法管辖区CC社群以及其他社会各界人士探讨区域内共同关心的问题,分享各自经验的一个重要的平台。继2012年在印尼雅加达举行的第三届知识共享亚太地区会议之后,第四届知识共享国际会议和亚太地区会议于2014年9月16至17日在韩国首尔召开。

2014年9月16日上午10时,2014知识共享国际会议在首尔Ferrum Tower酒店举行。本次会议汇集了来自CC亚太地区社群、教育界、科技界、法律界等社会知名人士,其中包括首尔市市长朴元淳先生、韩国版权委员会等单位的官员、知名学者、律师、来自开放知识基金会以及多家科技公司的代表参加了此次会议。

此次会议共分为“创造与共享”、“共享城市”、“公民黑客”三个单元。在“创造与共享”这一单元,CC组织新任的首席执行官Ryan Merkley 先生向与会人员介绍了知识共享组织,强调在当今社会中分享的重要性,并且提出一切事物都是在前人的基础上进行再创造的结果(everything is a remix),当进行分享的时候人们将会变得更加富有,Ryan用生动的语言和丰富的事例详细地阐述了上述论点,获得了与会者的阵阵掌声。FabCafe全球的共同创立者Todd Porter先生介绍了FabCafé 的创建历史、主旨,FabCafe并不仅仅是一家普通的咖啡厅,除了正常的咖啡以外,还提供3D打印机、3D人体扫描仪的租赁服务,顾客可以在咖啡厅制造出各种形象的糖人,Todd 先生还强调了FabCafe是艺术与创造的融合,促使人们思考,教育学生创造更多美好的事物。来自韩国版权委员会的Jeongho Yeo先生重点阐述了创造性与共享精神在版权领域的重要性,他用大量详实的数据与案例向与会人员展示了开放资源在创造性活动中的应用。

CC组织新任首席执行官 Ryan Merkley先生发表演讲

FabCafe 全球共同创始人 Todd Poter 先生

韩国版权委员会官员 Jeongho Yeo 先生

在下午进行的“共享城市”和“公民黑客”两个单元,来自首尔大学的Kyung Min Kim教授、美国著名度假屋租赁公司Airbnb的Molly Turner女士分别从设计共享城市的平台、共享经济及其对未来城市的影响等角度阐述了各自的观点和经验。此外,知识共享韩国项目的负责人Jay Yoon,项目成员Nanshil Kwon和Seung-hun Jang也分别做了主题演讲,分享各自的经验和观点,特别是Jay 在演讲中提到他对于黑客(hack)的看法,在他看来黑客并不意味着“偷”,而是一种“解决方案”,而且是一群懂技术的最聪明的人。Jay同时强调,互联网改变了我们的传统以及现有的法律体系,城市黑客(city hacking)就是由公民参与的黑客活动,主要是为了促进政府的公开,打造共享资源的平台。知识共享韩国项目成员Seung-hun Jang则从他的亲生经历出发,介绍了他参与的“入侵城市(hacking the city)”项目,该项目始于英国,主要通过公开的资源研究政府将纳税人缴纳的税款究竟用于哪些项目,以此来加强对政府的监督,同时也提出这些开放资源的建设需要全球的合作。与此相类似,来自日本的Hal Seki先生也介绍了他所领导的“Code for Japen”项目,并指出通过开放、共享资源促使他们生活的城市变得更好。

首尔大学Kyung Min Kim教授

知识共享韩国项目负责人 Jay Yoon 先生

知识共享韩国项目成员 Seung-hun Jang

“Code for Japan”的负责人Hal Seki先生发表演讲

在当天会议的最后,首尔市市长朴元淳先生和知识共享韩国项目负责人Jay Yoon先生就共享城市的由来、目的以及打造共享平台等等话题进行了探讨,在对话中,朴市长提到他小时候所经历的艰苦生活,那时候人们非常懂得分享,然而随着经济的快速发展,人们生活水平提高了,人与人之间却越来越缺乏分享的精神,这也是他提出“共享城市”概念的原因之一。同时,他也指出共享城市与共享经济要相互作用,并逐步完善共享城市的建设。随后,朴市长还热情地回答了在场观众的提问,第一天的会议就在热烈地掌声中顺利结束了。

首尔市市长朴元淳先生向与会人员介绍“共享城市”

部分演讲嘉宾和CC社群成员合影

次日(9月17日),知识共享亚太地区会议召开。来自韩国、日本、菲律宾、马来西亚、印度尼西亚、中国大陆和台湾地区的CC社群成员以及CC新任的首席执行官Ryan Merkley先生等一同出席了该会议。

部分CC社群的团队成员

首先,作为CC新任的首席执行官,Ryan先生回顾了自己上任三个多月以来的工作经历,并且重点阐述了他为知识共享组织制定的未来发展策略,和大家一起分享他对CC未来发展的设想。

随后,不同CC社区的成员分享了自上次雅加达亚太会议以来在各自司法管辖区内的主要项目以及共同关心的话题。受邀参加此次会议的知识共享中国大陆项目代表金汉向与会人员重点介绍了中国大陆最新的项目进展,主要包括和清华大学工业工程系顾学雍教授团队合作的极限学习项目(Extreme Learning Process)和中美绿色电子创客挑战赛,以及今年暑假在温州鹿西岛开展的第二届开放教育夏令营项目。与会人员对知识共享中国大陆项目的最新进展表现出较为浓厚的兴趣,特别是温州鹿西岛的开放教育夏令营项目。该项目是由知识共享中国大陆项目、温州医科大学仁济学院、果壳网共同主办的旨在为鹿西岛留守儿童提供免费教育资源的活动。继2013年鹿西岛第一届开放教育活动成功举办之后,2014年6月30日至7月8日,知识共享中国大陆又联合温州医科大学仁济学院、果壳网在鹿西岛举办了第二届夏令营,为那里的留守儿童带去了丰富多彩的课程。相较于第一届夏令营,第二届的特别之处在于,共有16门课程进行了全程的录像,经过挑选最终共有14门课程成功地作为首批开放教育资源并且采用CC协议发布到互联网供其他需要这些资源的地区使用。知识共享中国大陆项目将继续开展更多的开放教育活动,推动开放教育资源在中国的发展。

知识共享中国大陆项目代表金汉 向与会人员介绍中国大陆项目最新进展

会议间隙,部分代表就区域内共同关心的问题进行了深入交流

最后,包括Ryan在内的与会人员一起探讨了知识共享各个项目的优缺点并对不足之处真诚地提出建议,就目前各个司法管辖区内知识共享组织的发展、存在的问题进行了深入地交流,会议在热烈友好的气氛中圆满结束。

9月17晚,知识共享韩国项目团队组织了CC沙龙活动,来自各CC社群以及其他演讲者分别和大家一起分享自己的感兴趣的话题,畅谈各自的人生经验与体会,整个沙龙气氛欢乐融洽,使两天会议中紧张的神经迅速调回到舒缓的状态,也为此知识共享国际会议和亚太地区会议画上了一个圆满的句号。

CC沙龙部分参与人员合影


文: 金 汉

图: 知识共享韩国项目团队;金 汉;Mitsuru Maekawa(日本)

Lincoln University’s Open Access Policy

CC New Zealand, October 08, 2014 11:20 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

In July 2013, Lincoln University passed a wide-ranging Open Access policy, becoming the first New Zealand university to do so. Coverage includes research outputs including data, teaching materials and the University’s business records.

The policy states that “as an organisation Lincoln University has a policy position which endorses making content openly and freely available as the first and preferred option.” It goes on to state that “Lincoln University takes a broad ethical position which asserts that if public funding has supported the creation of an idea, research or other content then it is reasonable and fair that it be made publicly accessible.”

The policy also encourages copyright owners “to apply a Creative Commons Licence to their intellectual output to determine how material may be used, reused or repurposed.”

Penny Carnaby, the University Librarian at Lincoln, had been aware of the benefits of open access and open licensing since her time as National Librarian at the National Library of New Zealand (NLNZ), where she participated in the Chief Executives’ steering group on open data and information during the development of NZGOAL.

Approved by Cabinet in 2010, NZGOAL — the New Zealand Government’s Open Access and Licensing framework — supports and advocates for the uptake of Creative Commons licensing for copyright works produced or funded by State Services agencies.

From her experience at NLNZ, Penny became particularly interested in opening up copyright works produced by the university sector — including journal articles, datasets and educational resources. She also noted the growing importance of Institutional Repositories in research libraries around the world as a way of ensuring much greater public access to the intellectual output of an academic institution. Penny had been at National Library when the network of IRs was established, along with the NLNZ managed NZResearch, which uses a DigitalNZ powered harvester to gather information from research deposited in repositories across the New Zealand research sector and make them easier to find.

Noting the strength of Lincoln’s Institutional Repository, LURA, Penny began to investigate what it would take to develop an open access policy at Lincoln — New Zealand’s first — in line with other universities around the world. The policy was given strong support from the Vice Chancellor, Dr Andrew West, who nominated open access as a business driver for the university in 2013.

This strong institutional support enabled a process of consultation across the university, which gave university staff an opportunity to voice concerns before the policy was approved. The university also developed a joint union and management working party, which spent six months working through issues and developing a final policy that the university community could be comfortable with.

Penny notes that research staff were, generally speaking, comfortable with the principle of open scholarship, as they could see the inherent benefits of OA to disseminating their research to a broader audience.

The same was not true of open educational resources, which was a relatively novel concept to most teaching staff. “Academics are generally dual professionals,” Penny points out. “Each profession — teaching and research — has different drivers. Researchers are often fundamentally motivated by the desire to see their published works have a broad public impact. We found that the same is not necessarily true of academic teaching resources.

“In the end, we developed an elegant and respectful solution: the copyright to educational resources would remain with the creator, while the university would retain the right to use these resources for the educational purposes of the institution — such as using them as open educational resources in MOOCs.”

Penny notes that this process of discussion and consultation was both the most important and most difficult part of implementing open access across the university.

In order to support the implementation process, Lincoln held its Open Access Week in July, holding several public events, including a talk by Dr Mark Hahnel, CEO of Figshare, and a debate on Open Access, with the moot ‘Open Access or Open Slather?’ Penny was placed on the ‘Open Slather’ team, and presented this poem as part of her argument).

These events helped expose awareness gaps in the institution, which a university wide implementation group is helping to address.

Penny advises other other institutions developing an OA policy to “make the policy itself as broad as possible — including not only research articles but educational resources and even public records. Institutions will also need to develop the policies alongside other, existing policy settings, such as data management and intellectual property.”

“And then think very carefully about implementation. Implementation is everything.” At Lincoln, this process of implementing the policy has led to — at last count — eighty-seven discrete activities across the university.

“Open Access changes every conversation you have,” says Penny. “Rather than arguing why works need to be open, the focus at Lincoln University is on why certain works need to be closed. This requires a massive cultural shift to take place.”

The above video is produced for open access week by Learn Canterbury.

CCANZ October newsletter

CC New Zealand, October 08, 2014 01:28 AM   License: Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

Creative Commons news

The University of Waikato has a new open access mandate. Mark Amery’s visual arts column is now CC-licensed in The Big Idea. Land Information NZ ran a Building Our Footprints competition with students in Christchurch. All Kiwi educators now have access to Pond, the Network for Learning online portal.

Latest from NZCommons

It’s all go over at NZCommons.org.nz! Learn about institutional repositories, MOOCs, the need for green Open Access, and why authors should oppose DRM in ebooks. While you’re there, why not contribute a piece yourself?

Upcoming events

Help us spread the CC love

Would you be interested in delivering a Creative Commons workshop once every 3-4 months? We provide full training and resources. If so, please get in touch!

Join the NZCommons editorial board

We’re looking to appoint a volunteer editorial board for NZCommons.org.nz. Learn more.

Apply for InternetNZ funding

InternetNZ has recently launched two funding rounds. Learn more.

CC around the world

The Nature Communications journal is set to become Open Access. The Rijksmuseum’s open policy has generated enormous goodwill. Rwanda is embracing open higher education. California lawmandates public access to publicly funded research.

Icon credit: Wellington Harbour, 1894, by James Nairn. Gift of Miss Mary Newton, 1939. Te Papa (1939-0009-2). No known copyright restrictions.

Open Definition 2.0 released

Communia Association, October 07, 2014 06:12 PM   License: CC0 1.0 Universal

This post initially appeared on the Creative Commons blog, republished here under CC BY 4.0

Today Open Knowledge and the Open Definition Advisory Council announced the release of version 2.0 of the Open Definition. The Definition “sets out principles that define openness in relation to data and content,” and is the baseline from which various public licenses are measured. Any content released under an Open Definition-conformant license means that anyone can “freely access, use, modify, and share that content, for any purpose, subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness.” The CC BY and CC BY-SA 4.0 licenses are conformant with the Open Definition, as are all previous versions of these licenses (1.0 – 3.0, including jurisdiction ports). The CC0 Public Domain Dedication is also aligned with the Open Definition.

The Open Definition is an important standard that communicates the fundamental legal conditions that make content and data open. One of the most notable updates to version 2.0 is that it separates and clarifies the requirements under which an individual work will be considered open from the conditions under which a license will be considered conformant with the Definition.

Public sector bodies, GLAM institutions, and open data initiatives around the world are looking for recommendation and advice on the best licenses for their policies and projects. It’s helpful to be able to point policymakers and data publishers to a neutral, community-supported definition with a list of approved licenses for sharing content and data (and of course, we think that CC BY, CC BY-SA, and CC0 are some of the best, especially for publicly funded materials). And while we still see that some governments and other institutions are attempting to create their own custom licenses, hopefully the Open Definition 2.0 will help guide these groups into understanding of the benefits to using an existing OD-compliant license. The more that content and data providers use one of these licenses, the more they’ll add to a huge pool of legally reusable and interoperable content for anyone to use and repurpose.

To the extent that new licenses continue to be developed, the Open Definition Advisory Council has been honing a process to assist in evaluating whether licenses meet the Open Definition. Version 2.0 continues to urge potential license stewards to think carefully before attempting to develop their own license, and requires that they understand the common conditions and restrictions that should (or should not) be contained in a new license in order to promote interoperability with existing licenses.

Open Definition version 2.0 was collaboratively and transparently developed with input from experts involved in open access, open culture, open data, open education, open government, open source and wiki communities. Congratulations to Open Knowledge and the Open Definition Advisory Council on this important improvement.

Open Definition 2.0 released

Creative Commons, October 07, 2014 03:31 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Today Open Knowledge and the Open Definition Advisory Council announced the release of version 2.0 of the Open Definition. The Definition “sets out principles that define openness in relation to data and content,” and is the baseline from which various public licenses are measured. Any content released under an Open Definition-conformant license means that anyone can “freely access, use, modify, and share that content, for any purpose, subject, at most, to requirements that preserve provenance and openness.” The CC BY and CC BY-SA 4.0 licenses are conformant with the Open Definition, as are all previous versions of these licenses (1.0 – 3.0, including jurisdiction ports). The CC0 Public Domain Dedication is also aligned with the Open Definition.

The Open Definition is an important standard that communicates the fundamental legal conditions that make content and data open. One of the most notable updates to version 2.0 is that it separates and clarifies the requirements under which an individual work will be considered open from the conditions under which a license will be considered conformant with the Definition.

Public sector bodies, GLAM institutions, and open data initiatives around the world are looking for recommendation and advice on the best licenses for their policies and projects. It’s helpful to be able to point policymakers and data publishers to a neutral, community-supported definition with a list of approved licenses for sharing content and data (and of course, we think that CC BY, CC BY-SA, and CC0 are some of the best, especially for publicly funded materials). And while we still see that some governments and other institutions are attempting to create their own custom licenses, hopefully the Open Definition 2.0 will help guide these groups into understanding of the benefits to using an existing OD-compliant license. The more that content and data providers use one of these licenses, the more they’ll add to a huge pool of legally reusable and interoperable content for anyone to use and repurpose.

To the extent that new licenses continue to be developed, the Open Definition Advisory Council has been honing a process to assist in evaluating whether licenses meet the Open Definition. Version 2.0 continues to urge potential license stewards to think carefully before attempting to develop their own license, and requires that they understand the common conditions and restrictions that should (or should not) be contained in a new license in order to promote interoperability with existing licenses.

Open Definition version 2.0 was collaboratively and transparently developed with input from experts involved in open access, open culture, open data, open education, open government, open source and wiki communities. Congratulations to Open Knowledge and the Open Definition Advisory Council on this important improvement.

The University of Waikato

CC New Zealand, October 07, 2014 01:38 AM   License: Attribution 3.0 New Zealand

On 4 March 2014, the University of Waikato announced the passage of an open access mandate, becoming the first university to adopt a direct deposit mandate in New Zealand, and the second university, after Lincoln, to adopt an institutional OA policy.

The primary principle driving the adoption of the policy, as stated on its opening line, is that “Freedom to exchange ideas and to publish acquired knowledge are fundamental to the purposes of a university.”

The policy represents the University of Waikato’s commitment “to the concept of open access to knowledge through the deposit of full text, academic publications into the University’s digital repository, the Research Commons, wherever possible.”

The momentum for the policy was established during Open Access Week 2012, when OA advocates Fabiana Kubke and Alex Holcombe spoke at a panel entitled, ‘An Open Access Mandate for the University of Waikato?’ The panel generated interest in OA from the university community, and led to David Nichols, Senior Lecturer in Computer Science, and Ross Hallett, University Librarian, to develop a detailed paper outlining the benefits, risks and options for an OA policy at the University of Waikato.

In that paper, David and Ross deliberately provided the university with options as to what the final OA policy might look like. As David says, “We deliberately provided the university with a range of options and wording for the policy. We also made sure that we explicitly laid out the costs and benefits.”

In presenting the policy to groups within the university, David emphasised the importance of the digital visibility of the institution and noted the successful deposit mandate in place for student theses since 2006.

In terms of benefits, David and Ross pointed to the increased download rates, potential citation advantages, as well as the broader importance of making the university’s research available to the wider society, including industry, university alumni and professional groups, such as teachers and journalists.

David notes that higher ideals, such as the need for the public to have access to publicly funded research, were also emphasised during the consultation process. This ties in nicely with the motto of the university “Ko Te Tangata – For the People” — a motto which ended up introducing the policy for its embodiment of the university’s “commitment to disseminating the fruits of its research and scholarship as widely as possible.”

After releasing the paper, it travelled for several months — with David and Ross– through the various committees of the university, a process which enabled staff from every school and faculty to provide comment and raise potential concerns.

One such concern was the question of what happens if infringing material is uploaded to the IR. Some academics were concerned about possible liability, should they mistakenly upload material for which they do not have the rights. They were reassured when told that Library repository staff would continue to offer a mediated deposit service, checking publisher copyright agreements for potential infringement before adding items to the repository.

The consultation process also provided the opportunity to clarify confusion around green and gold OA, as well as the names publishers give to document versions at different stages of the review process, such as ‘preprint’, ‘postprint’ and ‘published’.

David noted that it was also important for Waikato to include a waiver in their policy, for those publications that may not be appropriate for deposit in the IR. “It was important that the policy wasn’t seen as entirely black and white.”

According to the widely accepted OA colour scheme, Waikato’s policy is green, with no references to gold (or publisher-implemented) OA or Creative Commons licensing.

As David points out, “We’ve restricted the definition of OA for this policy to ‘read-only.’ The policy doesn’t engage with reuse rights at all. These are issues that we may be able to address in future revisions, though it was important that this policy took the simplest first step.

“A general notion of incrementalism was essential to the whole process, especially given the fact that scholarly publishing is a changing landscape, with many moving parts, including requirements from external funders.”

This incremental approach followed those taken by comparable institutions overseas, such as Queensland University to Technology, who have had a deposit mandate since 2004. David and Ross consulted with QUT during the development of the policy.

“QUT have also made public useful information about the progress of their policy over time, including graphs of the effects on deposit rates. Their model suggested that we needed to take a long term approach to implementing the policy — there was never going to be an instant change. Progress will be gradual.”

This is one of the reasons why Waikato didn’t follow the example of another leading OA institution, the University of Liège, which mandates that only works deposited in the Institutional Repository will be considered during internal promotion and review. While this is a good model for increasing the number of works in the IR, it is potentially less helpful for gaining support from researchers.

David is now working with the Library, Research Office and Information Technology Services to implement a new research information system — called Symplectic Elements– to help reduce the transaction costs of depositing research into the university’s repository.

As David pointed out, while the policy is important, the means of technically implementing the policy must be as smooth as possible. With the new system, the time commitment required by the academic to deposit an article should be no more than the time required to respond to an email request.

The new system will also help Waikato determine the baseline number of OA articles currently published by university staff, which will make it easier to chart progress in the years to come.

Ultimately, David underlines the importance of basing the OA efforts at the library. He also advises other institutions looking at OA to factor in a lot of consultation and listening to staff. As disciplines have their own norms and terminology, it’s also important to find advocates across the university’s various schools and faculties.

David also reiterates the importance of not trying to solve all the problems with scholarly publishing in one fell swoop. “The policy,” David says, “is just the first step.”

Creative Commons policies grow in New Zealand schools

Creative Commons, October 07, 2014 12:09 AM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

Bethlehem College Preso
Bethlehem College Preso / Locus Research / CC BY-SA

Last month, I had the honour of providing a keynote address and two workshops at a teacher conference at Northcote College1, on the North Shore of Auckland, New Zealand.

Like many schools, Northcote is in the process of developing an overarching digital citizenship policy for staff, students, and the wider community. This policy is likely to include – alongside other issues like safety, privacy, research and integrity – a commitment to Creative Commons licensing.

If Northcote College does adopt a Creative Commons policy, they will join between fifty and one hundred New Zealand schools that have decided to formally give permission for teachers to share resources using a Creative Commons licence, with a preference for CC BY and CC BY-SA.

The policy is designed to address the fact that, under Section 21 of the 1994 Copyright Act, the first owner of copyright works made by New Zealand teachers in the course of their employment is their employer – namely, the schools governance board, known as the ‘Board of Trustees’ (BoT).

This means that teachers who share resources they make are legally infringing the school’s copyright – even when they are sharing with other teachers in the New Zealand state education system.

We’re advocating two solutions to this problem. First, we think every school in New Zealand’s pre-tertiary education system – all 2,500 of them – should pass a Creative Commons policy. This policy allows – and encourages – teachers to share their resources with other teachers under a Creative Commons licence.

Second, we think that teachers should adopt practices of finding, adapting, and sharing open content into their workflow. This will give teachers more confidence and flexibility when re-using third-party resources, and provide more resources for other teachers to build on and reuse.

We’ve been working at this for a couple of years now, spreading the word to the many groups working in the sector, including teachers, principals, Boards of Trustees, unions, disciplinary associations, public agencies, and other NGOs.

It’s been a long campaign, but we’re starting to make real progress. We’re giving an average of forty talks and workshops per year to the education sector, and we’re currently looking for ways to scale this work to meet the needs of every school in the country. This will become increasingly important as new resource sharing platforms – such as the crown-owned Network for Learning’s Pond – begin to take off.

The other challenge is to follow the lead of other CC affiliates, such as Poland, and help open up works produced or contracted by the Ministry of Education. There are signs that more of these resources will be openly licensed.

The adoption of open policy in schools coincides with similar moves in the local heritage and research sectors, and follows the continuing integration of CC licensing in central government. While there is still plenty to be done, it appears as if open licensing is on the verge of becoming mainstream across New Zealand’s public institutions – which is definitely good news for the global commons.

ccMixter launches crowdfunding campaign

Creative Commons, October 06, 2014 10:32 PM   License: Attribution 3.0 Unported

If you’ve been making or enjoying music under Creative Commons licenses for very long, there’s no doubt you’re already familiar with ccMixter, a community that’s been leading the way in CC music for ten years. What makes ccMixter really special is how enthusiastic its users are about borrowing and building off of each other’s tracks. Users are constantly creating new music from each other’s stems and playing with each other’s ideas. It’s a celebration of what makes CC licenses great.

Last week, ccMixter announced its first-ever crowdfunding campaign. ccMixter’s volunteer team needs to hire an admin to help maintain ccMixter’s infrastructure; they also have some big plans for website improvements and upgrades.

From the press release:

“ccMixter is the most prominent experiment in free music culture,” stated renowned professor of law and global activist Lawrence Lessig, when explaining the unique aspects of ccMixter’s free, open-source-music community based upon sharing.

ccMixter connects individuals in countries all around the world, through the universal language of music. It is unlike all other music sites on the web, as it is based wholy upon collaboration, not competition. This makes ccMixter a uniquely positive place for musicians. ccMixter’s fundraiser campaign and supporting videos, posts, social media and tweets, will utilize a hashtag that represents the spirit of ccMixter: #MusicConnectsUs

“ccMixter connects me deeply to musicians all around the world I’ve never met through the universal language of music. That is powerful and positive,” remarked Emily Richards, CEO of ArtisTech Media and ccMixter artist known as Snowflake.

ccMixter has some really cool gifts lined up for funders. Check it out!

Přednáška CC 4.0

CC Czech Republic, October 06, 2014 10:27 AM   License: Uveďte autora 3.0 Česko

22. října v 14:40–15:10 v Ballingově sále Národní technické knihovny
JUDr. Matěj Myška z Právnické fakulty MU se zaměří na nové licence Creative Commons 4.0 a možnosti a limity jejich využívání při zpřístupňování šedé literatury, a to i v kontextu rekodifikace soukromého práva v České republice.
Přednáška proběhne v rámci 7. ročníku Konference o šedé literatuře a repozitářích http://nusl.techlib.cz/index.php/7_rocnik_seminare
Účast je zdarma, nutná je pouze registrace do 19.10.2014
http://www.techlib.cz/cs/82736-seminar-nusl